Complete Guide to Understand Laminoplasty Spine Surgery in India

laminoplasty-spine-surgery

What is Laminoplasty?

A laminoplasty is the orthopedic surgical procedure that is used to treat spinal stenosis (compression of the spinal cord) by relieving the pressure on the spinal cord being caused by a damaged vertebra in the spinal canal.

The procedure involves making the affected vertebra open from one side in order to increase the space for the spinal cord in the spinal canal.

What is Cervical Laminoplasty?

Cervical laminoplasty is the surgical procedure that relieves pressure from the spinal cord in the neck that may be caused by decompression of a damaged vertebra. This pressure can be caused by degeneration of the vertebra, bone spurs (abnormal bone growth), arthritis, herniated disc in the spine, fractures of the vertebra or tumor in the spine.

Cervical laminoplasty is one of the proven methods of relieving pressure from the spinal cord in the neck region. This procedure involves the doctor making an incision in the neck through a posterior (back) approach. The surgeon scrubs the lamina (bone covering the spinal cord in the spinal canal) from one side and completely cut from the opposite side. This results in the formation of a ‘hinge’ in the lamina that allows the lamina to swing apart on the side which has a cut and thus creates more space for the previously compressed spinal cord. This allows sufficient space for the spinal cord inside the spinal canal, as well as, restores the flow of the spinal fluid to normalcy. The surgeon will place an artificial ‘spacer’ made from medical-grade metal or plastic inside the gap of the open (hinged) vertebra to keep the lamina in the open position.

This is one of the most successful methods in use from a long time in relieving the symptoms of cervical spondylotic myelopathy.

What is Lumbar Laminoplasty?

A lumbar laminoplasty works similar to a cervical laminoplasty with minor changes in the procedure. During a lumbar laminoplsty you will be administered general anesthesia. The surgeon will use a posterior (back) approach and make an incision over the damaged lumbar vertebra. The muscles and other underlying tissues are pushed aside to gain clear access to the lumbar vertebra. The surgeon will then scour one side of the lamina (outer bone protecting the spinal cord in the spinal canal of the vertebra) and cut the other side completely thereby creating a ‘hinge’-like structure in the vertebra. The outermost spinal processes are removed to spread apart the cut vertebra from that side. In case there are bone spurs (abnormal bone growths) or other debris inside the spinal canal the surgeon will remove these to relieve the compression on the spinal cord. The surgeon will then use a harvested bone piece or an artificial implant ‘spacer’ (made of medical-grade plastic or metal) to hold this opened vertebra flap in place. The implanted spacer allows the vertebra bone to grow around the implant and cover it completely with time.

Thus lumbar laminoplasty is useful in relieving the pressure being caused due to the damaged vertebra on the spinal cord as well as allows permanent excess space to the spinal cord and the nerves to function normally.

What is the difference between Laminoplasty and Spinal Fusion procedures?

Although both the procedures, laminoplasty and spinal fusion, aim to relieve the pressure from the spinal cord being created due to a damaged vertebra there are certain results that are distinct to each procedure.

Laminoplasty

  • Aims to relieve pressure from the spinal cord by increasing space in the spinal canal of the damaged vertebra.
  • Needs to cut the lamina of the vertebra from one side to create a ‘hinge’ which opens the lamina and allows more space for the spinal cord.
  • Spacer (bone graft, plastic or metal implant) is used to keep the lamina in the ‘open’ position that eventually becomes permanent after the bone grows around it naturally.

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Spinal fusion

  • Aims to stabilize the damaged vertebras of the spine through fusion of the vertebras.
  • Aims to restrict the movement of the damaged vertebra by joining together two consecutive vertebras and relieve pain caused by movement of the spine.
  • Uses a bone graft to support the damaged vertebra as well as to promote fusion between the fused vertebras.

What makes Goa an ideal destination for a Spine Surgery like Laminoplasty?

Goa is most popular for being the ideal winter vacation-spot owing to its vast and clean beaches, mild and pleasant weather as well as the rich culture and the tantalizing and distinct cuisine that attracts millions of visitors to its shores. Besides being a tourist attraction Goa Medical Tourism is also known for its large number of global-class orthopedic specialist hospitals and clinics. These hospitals and clinics are equipped with the most modern of the diagnostic and surgical instruments as well as having the most experienced and vastly-trained orthopedic surgeons and doctors who have a high rate of successful Laminoplasty and other spinal surgical procedures.

Why choose Travcure Medical Tourism Consultants for Laminoplasty?

Travcure Medical Tourism Consultants are well-known for their connection to the wide network of orthopedic hospitals and clinics that provide the best and most efficient treatment for spinal problems. Travcure consultants are well-adapted in managing all kinds of complicated cases for spinal treatment and take extra care about the individual patient’s choice and preference regarding treatment and all other factors. Travcure is also the top choice of foreign patients who seek to get orthopedic surgical treatment in India due to their low cost package for treatment.

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