What is Kyphoplasty?Kyphoplasty is the surgical procedure used to treat a compression fracture of the spine through stabilizing the bone with the help of a bone adhesive. This procedure helps relieve the pain and restore the lost movement due to the broken vertebra and the damaged spinal cord.
What is a Balloon Kyphoplasty?A balloon kyphoplasty is basically a minimally invasive procedure used to treat spinal compression (fractures) caused by osteoporosis, benign lesions or cancer. Two laparoscopes (thin flexible surgical tubes) are used to insert surgical balloons between the gaps of the damaged vertebra to make space for the surgeon to fill them with the bone cement.
Am I the right candidate for this surgery?Kyphoplasty procedure is not advisable to treat severe cases of osteoporosis due to the large extent of spine deformity that is present from a long period of time. However, patients who are experiencing pain and spinal deformities from a recent osteoporotic compression fracture are more likely to have successful kyphoplasty procedures. It is ideal for the kyphoplasty procedure to be performed within 8 weeks from the date of the compression fracture to increase the rate of complete success of the procedure.
What is Kyphoplasty Procedure?The surgery requires the surgeon to perform a complete medical check on you and to undergo a number of necessary diagnostic tests such as X-rays and CT scans to determine the location of the fracture and the extent of the damage. This helps the surgeon determine whether you would need a local or a general anesthesia for the surgery. The kyphoplasty Spine Surgery procedure starts with the surgeon making small incisions in the skin above the damaged vertebra and inserting a laparoscope (thin, hollow flexible tube) between the fractured bone-pieces. A small orthopedic balloon is passed through this laparoscope between the gaps. Two balloons are simultaneously inserted on each side of the vertebra to synchronize the lifting of the vertebra. The surgeon will slowly inflate both the balloons together to eventually shift the vertebra back in its original position. The gaps created by the balloons in the vertebra are then filled with surgical cement that acts as a bone adhesive. The balloons are then deflated and removed through the laparoscope. The bone cement dries swiftly and fills the gaps left by the fractured bone, this acts as a support to the weak vertebra as well as helps the vertebra to naturally grow around it with time. This procedure not only restores the broken vertebra to its original form it also helps bring relief from the pain caused by the damaged spine nerves.
What are the precautions to be taken before, during and after the procedure?A kyphoplasty procedure is required mostly when you suffer from an osteoporotic compression fracture to the spinal column which results in damage to one or more vertebras. This fracture is caused as a result of deficiency of calcium in your body. This deficiency of calcium results in weakness in the bones and increases the chances of a vertebral fracture. This causes the top portion of the vertebral body to collapse down with most of the collapse seen in the front, this result in the spine getting a hunched shape and shortens the height. There are several symptoms that indicate towards an osteoporotic fracture, such as:
- Severe back pain
- Restricted spinal function
- Reduced mobility in the back
- Dependency increase for performing daily tasks
- Lung capacity decreases
- Sleeping gets difficult