Breast Cancer: Causes & Symptoms

Breast-Cancer

Studies involving hundreds of thousands of women with history of breast cancer revealed how likely a woman is to be diagnosed with state I breast cancer. Results varied depending upon ethnicity or race. Black women were the least likely to be diagnosed with this condition, while Japanese women were the most likely to be diagnosed with stage I breast cancer. Risk levels of women of Asian descent, Hispanic & non-Hispanic white women fell in the middle risk group. USA alone is estimating about 60,290 cases of breast carcinoma in 2015. Almost 83% of these are likely to be ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) & lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS) to be around 12%. These new facts & figures are not meant to discourage, but to provide awareness amongst women to be cautious.

What Causes Breast Cancer?

Most experts agree that it is difficult to say what exactly causes breast cancer. Any woman having breast cancer will not be able to pinpoint & say an exact cause. However certain risk factors are more likely to develop breast cancer than others. What we know for sure is that breast cancers invariably cause damage to a cell’s DNA. Some risk factors like consuming alcohol can be avoided while many others are simply a part & parcel of regular living. Though having a risk factor does not in any way mean a woman will have breast cancer, having a family history of breast cancer can be discouraging. Other common risk factors for a woman developing breast cancer include getting older which is 50+ after menopause, having breast lumps, dense breast tissue, estrogen exposure, obesity, taller than average, radiation exposure, HRT – hormone replacement therapy & women with cosmetic implants that may even undermine breast cancer survival.

Symptoms of Breast Cancer

Symptoms of breast cancer are normally only felt by patients who describe as pain or headache to a doctor or nurse. Sometimes it can also be a rash or swelling which may appear as a sign. Another one of the first symptoms is usually a lump or an area of thickened tissue in breast. Nevertheless, majority of lumps are however non-cancerous, but every woman must get it checked by a healthcare professional.

Women should also be cautious of these symptoms associated with breast cancer –

  • Pain in breasts or armpits which are unrelated to menstrual periods
  • Redness or pitting of skin of breast like orange peel
  • Rash on or around nipples
  • Lump or swelling in one armpit
  • Thickened breast tissue
  • Discharging nipples which may at times contain blood
  • Sunken or inverted appearance of nipples
  • Change in the size or shape of breast

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Who Gets Breast Cancer?

Anyone can get breast cancer, including men. Especially women if all ages, including women between 20 – 30 years of age. However, risk of breast cancer increases with age. Breast cancer is nevertheless less common among women whose menstrual cycles started late & menopause started early. Also women who breast-fed, had children before 30 years of age, & those who exercise & are not obese pose lower risk of developing breast cancer.

What are the Stages of Breast Cancer?

Staging normally describes the extent of cancer spread within a patient’s body. Based on an invasive & non-invasive procedure, it reveals the size of tumor, involvement of lymph nodes & whether it has metastasized to other tissues. Staging is also a crucial factor in deciding the line of treatment & determining patient’s prognosis. Essentially performed after diagnosis, doctors may advice several tests which include PET scan, CT scan, bone scan, chest X-ray, mammogram & blood tests.

Breast Cancer – Support & Resources

There are many organizations & people who are willing to help patients handle breast cancer including providing clinical trials. Patients may also join support groups many of which are available online. Internet is plush with scores of resources supporting patients with breast cancer.

Breast Cancer Treatments in India

World class breast cancer treatments are available in India at comparatively affordable costs. Make sure to discuss all involved risks & benefits with your Travcure doctor, & choose the best option which is compatible with your lifestyle. Address emotional issues by education & joining support groups. Some common types of breast cancer treatments available with Travcure healthcare facilities include mastectomy or lumpectomy surgery & which is also known as breast-conserving therapy. Other common oncology procedures available in India include radiation therapy, chemotherapy, hormone or endocrine therapy, & biological therapy. Apart from these there also are a variety of alternative medicine therapies to complement your regular treatment. India is the only country in the entire world that can give you the best breast cancer treatments at low costs.

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