Unilateral Hip Arthroscopy – An Overview
A unilateral hip arthroscopy is one of the most efficient minimally invasive diagnostic methods that are used to view the damage to the hip in detail.
This is useful in diagnosing joint problems and to determine their method of treatment.
An arthroscope is a modern and innovative minimally invasive surgical system. It consists of a number of small, thin and hollow flexible surgical tubes. One of these tubes is attached with a cold-light source as well as a tiny but powerful video camera. The other tubes in the arthroscope may be attached with special miniaturized surgical instruments that might be required to perform any kind of surgical procedure.
Need for Unilateral Hip Arthroscopy
A unilateral hip arthroscopy is usually recommended when the patient is suffering from a painful condition that has not been treated successfully with the use of non-surgical methods. These include treatment methods such as rest, physical therapy, anti-inflammatory medications/injections, etc.
The most commonly seen sign of a severe hip injury is swelling and pain in the affected hip joint which causes the joint to become stiff.
Hip arthroscopy will usually relieve the painful symptoms caused due to various medical conditions that affect the hip’s articular cartilage, labrum and other soft tissues that surround the hip joint.
A unilateral hip arthroscopy is also useful in treating:
- Dysplasia – This is a medical disorder that causes the socket part of the hip joint to become abnormally shallow and increases the risk of tear to the labrum.
- Femoroacetabular Impingement (FAI) – This is a medical disorder that results in abnormal bone growth (bone spurs) around the hip socket and eventually cause damage to the femoral (thigh-bone) head.
- Snapping Hip Syndrome – This medical condition causes the tendon to rub against the outer portion of the hip joint and results in, an often harmless, condition which might not require a treatment. However, in some cases the damage to the tendon due to rubbing against the joint can be severe and require surgical treatment.
- Synovitis – This condition causes the joint-surrounding tissue to become swollen
- Loose Bodies – These are basically bone fragments, or pieces of cartilage, that are loose and move about in the joint structure. This can lead to damage to the soft tissues of the joint if left untreated.
Unilateral Hip Arthroscopy Procedure:
This diagnostic technique will require a general anesthesia in order to avoid pain and discomfort to you during the procedure.
The doctor will begin the procedure with putting your affected leg in traction to avoid it from moving while the procedure is going on. The surgeon will then make very small (Keyhole) incisions around the affected hip joint. These incisions are used to insert an arthroscope into the hip joint.
The arthroscope lights up the inside of the affected hip joint without having to open the part using traditional surgical methods. This minimally invasive diagnostic method allows the doctor to view the location, size, severity as well as the type of damage to the hip joint.
The same arthroscope, attached with special surgical instruments, is also used to then treat the problem.
The arthroscope is able to:
- Make the torn cartilage and tendons smooth or repair them
- Trim the bone spurs caused due to FAI
- Remove any swollen (inflamed) synovial tissue
Possible Risks associated with Unilateral Hip Arthroscopy
There are very rare chances of a complication arising from a simple minimally invasive diagnostic method such as a hip arthroscopy, such as:
- Nerve damage
- Bone damage
- Vascular (blood vessel) damage
- Stretched nerves
- Blood loss
- Blood clots
- Deep vein thrombosis
Recovery after a Unilateral Hip Arthroscopy
After the surgery is completed, the doctor will usually advise a couple of hours of rest before determining the complete disappearance of anesthetic effects before discharging the patient from the hospital.
The doctor will make a rehabilitation plan for every patient, which may include light physical therapy exercises as well as using assisting devices such as crutches for the first couple of months.
Connect with Travcure Medical Tourism for Unilateral Hip Arthroscopy
Travcure Medical Tourism Company is India’s largest and most popular medical tourism service providers. Travcure is connected to a large network of super-specialty hospitals spread across all major Indian cities such as Delhi, Bangalore, Mumbai, Kolkata, etc which allows hassle-free travelling for treatment to India. Travcure is known for offering the most efficient, high-quality and affordable unilateral hip arthroscopy in India.