Aesthetic surgery is actually a group of cosmetic surgeries and non-surgical methods that aim to restore or alter the form of your body. The aesthetic surgery, as the name suggests, is mainly performed to make your body look more appealing and attractive.
Types of Aesthetic Surgery
There are a large number of aesthetic surgeries that are performed today worldwide. As more and more people are becoming excessively conscious about their looks they are turning to aesthetic surgeries to help retain a youthful appearance as they age.
These are some of the most common aesthetic surgeries and their procedures:
Liposuction – Liposuction is used to reshape your body as well as making slimmer by removing excessive fat deposits and skin from certain areas of the body. This helps to improve your body’s contours and proportion.
Liposuction is performed on your thighs, buttocks, hips, waist, abdomen, upper arms, back, chest area, neck and legs. This surgery may also be performed in combination with other cosmetic procedures such as a facelift, breast reduction or tummy tuck.
Liposuction requires small and inconspicuous incisions on the skin to insert a small tube (cannula) into the incisions and under the skin to loosen excess fat deposits. This loosened fat is then suctioned out of the body using a surgical vacuum device or a syringe attached to the cannula.
Breast-lift Surgery – Also known as mastopexy this surgical procedure is used to make the breast more firm and uplifting them by removal of excess skin from under the breasts. This surgery also tightens the surrounding chest tissue to make the new breast contour proportionate.
Breasts may lose their firmness and perky shape as well as size as elasticity of the skin changes due to pregnancy, breast feeding, weight fluctuations, aging, gravity and heredity.
A breast lift surgery may be performed using various techniques depending on the breast size and shape, size and position of the areolas, the degree of sagging as well as the elasticity and quality of the skin along with the amount of excessive skin. The cosmetic surgeon will make the required markings on your breasts and start the surgical procedure with the appropriate incisions. The step-by-step procedure requires the surgeon to first lift the underlying breast tissue and reshape it to improve breast shape and their firmness. The nipples and areolas are then repositioned higher to enhance its appearance and if necessary the excessively enlarged areolas are decreased by removing skin from their perimeter. The surgeon will also remove the excess skin in the breast to compensate for the loss of elasticity.
Breast Augmentation – This surgical involves using breast implants, or fat, to enhance the size of your breasts as well as to restore the volume of your breast that may have been lost after pregnancy or a drastic weight-loss. Breast augmentation can help increase the size of your breasts, improve the contours of your figure and boost your self-esteem and confidence.
A breast augmentation surgery is performed under general anesthesia. The surgeon will make the required incisions in a way as to be inconspicuous to minimize visible scarring. The type and number of incisions required will depend on the type of breast implant, amount of enlargement as well as your particular anatomy.
The surgeon will then fix the breast implant which is wither made from a silicone material or made of a silicone shell filled with a saline solution. The breast implant is fitted under the skin or under the chest muscle wall. The surgeon will carefully close the incisions using surgical staples or a skin adhesive.
Tummy Tuck – Tummy tuck procedure is also known as an ‘abdominoplasty’ and involves removal of excess skin and fat and to restore weakened muscles if necessary which helps to create a smooth and more firm abdomen.
You might find a tummy tuck an ideal treatment to correct the protruding abdomen if it is being caused due to aging, heredity, post-pregnancy or constant weight fluctuation.
A tummy tuck surgery requires general anesthesia and incisions between the pubic line and the belly button. The length and shape of the incision will depend on the amount of excess skin. After shifting the abdominal skin the underlying abdominal muscles are shortened to make them tighter. If there is excess skin in the upper abdomen an additional incision around the navel will be required. The skin from the upper abdomen is stretched downwards and the remaining skin is removed and the rest stitched together with reattachment of the belly button. The surgeon will use surgical tapes, clips or skin adhesives to close the incision.
Facelift – A facelift is a cosmetic surgical procedure that aims to improve visible signs of aging around the face and the neck. These can be the sagging skin in the mid-face, creases under your eyes, laugh lines, jowls or a double chin.
A conventional facelift surgery may include facial implants or fat transfer, soft tissue augmentation to reshape the structure of the face, restoration techniques that help enhance the tone and texture of the facial skin and reducing wrinkles through filler, or fat injections.
Facelift surgery may involve a choice of traditional facelift, limited incision facelift or neck lift. A traditional facelift surgery requires an incision which begins at the temples to continue around the ear and ends at the lower scalp. Fat may be removed from around the face and neck while repositioning the underlying tissue. Mostly the deeper layers of the facial skin and the muscles are uplifted. The skin is stretched over and the excess skin is removed. The surgeon will then close the incisions with skin adhesive or fine sutures.
Neck lift procedure is used to correct sagging jowls, fat accumulation and loose neck skin under the chin. The surgery requires an incision along the front of the ear lobe continuing behind the ear and ending at the lower scalp.
Laser Hair Removal – This is a non-invasive procedure that uses high-energy light beams to target individual hair follicles. The severe and concentrated blast of heat from the laser destroys the hair follicles to prevent future hair growth.
The laser hair removal treatment involves the cosmetic specialist using a device that aims a precise beam of high-intensity light that targets the hair follicles in the region the permanent hair removal is required. The procedure takes only a few hours and is performed as an outpatient procedure. You may feel a slightly hot sensation due to the laser although there is no risk of skin damage.
You may have to have several hair removal sessions using a laser as the hair grow in a cycle and the laser is able to target only the active hair follicles. Periodic maintenance treatments are advised after laser hair removal procedure.
Surgical Hair Transplant – Surgical hair transplant involves such as punch grafts, mini-grafts, slit grafts and strip grafts for a noticeable change in hair thickness. More extensive hair thickness is achieved through flaps, tissue-expansion and scalp reduction.
Hair loss is mainly seen as a result of aging, hormonal changes or due to heredity as well as burns and trauma. Hair transplant is considered a better alternative to counter hair loss.
Hair transplantation involves removing small patches of hair-bearing scalp to be used as grafts from a donor site to be relocated to a balding or less dense area of the scalp. Grafts may differ in shape and size according to requirement. Round shaped punch grafts normally contain around 10-15 hairs. The mini-graft is comparatively smaller and contains around 2-4 hairs while the even smaller micro-graft contains 1-2 hairs each. Strip grafts are the largest with around 30-40 hairs in each graft strip.
These are the more popular aesthetic surgeries that are performed commonly worldwide. An experienced cosmetic surgeon who is well-trained in performing cosmetic surgeries using latest medical technology and techniques can ensure more success and satisfaction in the end result.