Type 2 Diabetes: Causes, Symptoms, Prevention and Treatment Options

Diabetes Type 2 TreatmentWhat is Type 2 Diabetes?

Type 2 Diabetes also known as ‘diabetes mellitus’ raises the level of glucose (sugar) in the blood and causes the impediment of insulin function in the body. This is the most common form of diabetes and is found to consist of around 90% of all diabetic cases.

Insulin is released by the pancreas and is essential to convert the glucose extracted from the diet into energy. A person’s body, when suffering from type 2 diabetes, is unable to utilize this insulin completely and develops a resistance to the insulin. This resistance by the cells to use insulin causes the pancreas to increase the rate of insulin secretion as a method to combat the inefficiency of the body to convert the glucose into energy. However, with time, the body is completely unable to convert the glucose and the level of glucose in the blood starts to increase.

What are the signs and symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes?

The person suffering from type 2 diabetes (diabetes mellitus) shows the following signs and symptoms:

  • Polyuria – Frequent urination.
  • Polydipsia – Being thirsty more frequently.
  • Polyphagia – Hunger increases and the person feels the need to eat more frequently.
  • Weight Loss – The inability to convert the glucose into energy from the food results in progressive weight loss.
  • Blurred vision – Diabetes is known to affect the iris and causes blurred vision.
  • Itchiness – The skin may start to feel itchy and irritated.
  • Peripheral neuropathy – Diabetes affects certain important nerves in the body that impede vision, movement ability, glandular and organ function.
  • Fatigue – Lack of conversion of glucose into energy results in feeling weak, tired and fatigued.

What are the causes of Type 2 Diabetes?

Type 2 Diabetes is caused by a combination of factors, such as:

Obesity

Overweight persons are more prone to develop type 2 diabetes as obesity can cause the body to resist insulin if there is additional fat around the stomach region.

Genetics

Genes play an important role in determining of the person is more likely to develop type 2 diabetes. You are more prone to develop type 2 Diabetes if there are prevalent cases of type 2 diabetes in one or more family members.

Metabolic Disorders

A number of other medical disorders related to metabolism in the body can cause type 2 Diabetes, such as high cholesterol, high blood pressure, high glucose blood levels and extra fat around the stomach region.

Excessive Glucose

In an event when the blood sugar level of a person gets abnormally low the liver automatically secretes additional glucose to compensate for the loss. At times the liver malfunctions and the secretion of additional glucose remains continued, resulting in excessive glucose level in the blood.

Medical Conditions

A number of different medical disorders can also give rise to type 2 Diabetes, these are:

  • Donohue syndrome
  • Rabson-Mendenhall syndrome
  • Acromegaly
  • Cushing’s syndrome
  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Pheochromocytoma
  • Glucagonomas
  • Testosterone deficiency 

How can I prevent Type 2 Diabetes?

There are a few methods that can be adopted to prevent the development and acquisition of type 2 Diabetes, these are:

  • Proper nutrition
  • Regular exercise
  • Weight loss in case of obesity
  • Diet containing more green and leafy vegetables
  • Limiting intake of sugary drinks
  • Vitamin D supplement in case of deficiency

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How is Type 2 Diabetes treated?

As already stated type 2 Diabetes is caused due to a large number of factors, which are mostly related to genetics, lifestyle and certain prevailing medical conditions. Managing type 2 Diabetes involves maintaining blood glucose levels, decreasing cardiovascular risk factors and changes in lifestyle.

Lifestyle Changes

For a person with type 2 Diabetes it is very important to monitor the blood glucose levels and developing adequate care methods involving regular exercise and a balanced dietary habit. In case a diabetic person is overweight they should start a dietary regimen and exercise regularly with the aim to lose weight. Dietary changes such as lower carbohydrate and a low glycemic index diet are helpful to maintain blood sugar levels.

Medications

The doctor will suggest the type of oral medication to be taken in case of type 2 Diabetes. There are a large number of medicinal drugs that are found to be effective in controlling and maintaining blood sugar levels.

Besides oral medications you might need to take insulin injections depending on the severity and stage of the diabetes. These insulin injections are specially made to be taken regularly and the person gets used to them after a while.

Surgery

A surgery for morbidly obese person suffering from diabetes is very useful in maintaining blood sugar levels in the long run and also decreases the risk of acquiring other health disorders related to overweight conditions.

Why choose Travcure Medical Tourism Consultants for treatment of Type 2 Diabetes?

The team at Travcure Medical Tourism Consultants has a vast experience in managing your complete itinerary and treatment period with the best of hospitals and diabetic clinics in India. These consultants are well-adept at recognizing the importance of the specific needs of an individual patient. Travcure Medical Tourism Consultants are also well reputed in offering the best hospitality and medical services at the lowest cost to foreign patients.

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