Gynecological Cancer Treatment

Gynecological Cancer

Gynecological cancer is the form of cancer that is found to affect a women’s reproductive system. This cancer may rarely affect the complete reproductive system however it is seen commonly affecting a part of the reproductive system such as the ovary or the cervix.

There are different types of gynecological cancer depending on the reproductive organ that the cancer is affecting. Most of the gynecological cancers are found to affect a woman’s pelvis or the cervix.

Types of Gynecological Cancer

There are a variety of gynecological cancers that are named according to the specific organ of the reproductive system it affects, such as:

Cervical cancer

This form of gynecological cancer is found to originate in the woman’s cervix and is called as ‘cervical cancer’. The cervix is located in the lower end of the uterus above the vagina. The cervix is a part of the uterus which is the gestating place for a fetus. This is a fairly common type of gynecological cancer and can be treated using a number of different treatment methods.

Ovarian cancer

A cancerous growth in the ovaries is called as an ‘ovarian cancer’. There are mainly two ovaries that are situated in the pelvis on each side of the uterus. The ovaries are responsible for production of eggs and important female hormones. Ovarian cancer can be treated fairly easily if detected and treated at an early stage with appropriate treatment methods.

Uterine cancer

This is a type of cancer found growing in a woman’s uterus. The uterus is a pear-shaped reproductive-system organ situated in a woman’s pelvis between the hip bones. Also called a womb, the uterus is the place where the fetus develops till birth. Endometrial cancer is the most common form of uterine cancers as it affects the tissue lining the inside of the uterus known as the ‘endometrium’.

Vaginal/Vulvar cancer

This is a type of cancer found growing in a woman’s uterus. The uterus is a pear-shaped reproductive-system organ situated in a woman’s pelvis between the hip bones. Also called a womb, the uterus is the place where the fetus develops till birth. Endometrial cancer is the most common form of uterine cancer as it affects the tissue lining the inside of the uterus known as the ‘endometrium’.

Symptoms of Gynecological Cancer

There is a set of commonly seen signs and symptoms that might indicate towards the presence of a gynecological cancer although these symptoms alone are not sufficient to confirm the diagnosis of a cancer.

These symptoms are mostly seen in women affected by a gynecological cancer:

  • Pelvic pain
  • Pelvic pressure
  • Abnormal vaginal discharge/bleeding
  • Abdominal pain
  • Back pain
  • Weight-gain
  • Infrequent urination
  • Burning/itching sensation in the vulva
  • Sores, skin rash or discoloration in vulva

A detailed diagnosis with the use of more advanced diagnostic techniques such as imaging tests or others are required to confirm the presence of gynecological cancer.

Treatment of Gynecological Cancer

A gynecologic oncologist is a specialist in treating gynecological cancers. There are various types of treatments for such cancer and the surgeon/doctor will suggest the most-suitable treatment for you depending on the level of your overall health, medical history, prevalent medical conditions (if any) as well as the type of cancer and its extent.

The different kinds of gynecological cancer treatment are:

Surgery

This is one of the most preferred methods of treatment for most cervical and uterine cancers. This method involves removing the abnormal tissue growth through a surgical excision. Most of the surgical gynecological oncology procedures are now performed using minimally invasive methods to ensure less pain during surgery as well as faster recovery after it. Surgery is the more preferred option of treatment for people with advanced stage gynecological cancer.

Chemotherapy

This method of treatment for gynecological cancers uses various medicinal drugs to arrest the development of the cancerous tissue and also to destroy the cancerous cells. This gynecological cancer treatment method may require the medicines to be administered orally or intravenously.

This treatment is ideally suited for people with early-stage gynecological cancer and can also be performed before a surgery to remove the cancer as it helps shrink the tumor (abnormal tissue growth) so as to make it easier to remove during surgery.

Radiation Therapy

This treatment method for gynecological cancers entails using a high-energy and precisely-focused beam of particles (usually x-rays) to destroy the cancer. This is a mostly non-invasive procedure performed with a device placed outside the body acting as the radiation projector. Another form of radiation therapy involves using radioactive pellets that are inserted through the vaginal opening using external guidance devices. This inserted radiation device emits high-energy radiation targeted at the tumor (cancerous tissue growth) which kills the cancerous cells through intensely-high temperature.

A team of specialists with multidisciplinary expertise and training will handle your complete diagnostic, treatment and rehabilitative phases with efficiency.

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