Chordocarcinoma – An Overview
Chordocarcinoma is a form of malignant tumor that arises from the fetal notochord in the brain. Situated at the base of the brain and just above the vertebras, these are rare tumors.
Although this type of tumor can occur in any age it is mostly seen in the middle ages, between 40-50 years. These are most commonly found in the spheno-occipital area, sacrococcygeal area as well as the cervico-thoraco-lumbar spine region.
These cancerous cells are composed of cells that are responsible for forming cords and lobules and are separated by a mucous-like intercellular tissue. These are recurring forms of tumor and may also metastasize (spread) to surrounding tissues and organs, especially bone and skin.
Symptoms of Chordocarcinoma
The main symptoms of a chordocarcinoma may vary according to the size as well as its location in the brain. As this is a slow-developing form of cancer the symptoms might be present but hidden for a long time before becoming visible.
These are the commonly seen signs and symptoms of chordocarcinoma:
- Neck pain
- Double vision
- Facial pain
- Difficulty in hearing
- Difficulty in swallowing
At times, the chordocarcinoma in the sacrum will not exhibit any symptoms until a mass is noticed. These are the common symptoms of a chordocarcinoma on the spine and sacrum:
- Pain in tumor area
- Bowel movement/Bladder function changes
- Weakness in legs and arms
The diagnosis of a chordocarcinoma includes:
- Computerized tomography (CT) scan
- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan
These tests help to determine the exact location of the chordocarcinoma as well as the size of the tumor. These are vital diagnostic information that the doctor/surgeon will need to consider before advising on the best-suited treatment option for the particular case.
Treatment of Chordocarcinoma
Although there are various treatment methods that are used to treat cancer and tumors, the best form of treatment for chordocarcinoma is found to be a surgical resection procedure.
Surgery – This is the most preferred and ideal form of treatment for chordocarcinoma. Although it may be difficult to perform a surgical procedure in such s dense vital area, with the brain, brain stem and spinal cord in close proximity and at the risk of damage to them, surgeons now use advanced minimally invasive as well as the ultra-modern robotic-assisted surgical techniques to perform the surgical operation for removal of the chordocarcinoma. The main aim of the surgical treatment is the removal of the entire tumor, or as much of it as possible. The surgeon will require administering general anesthesia to the patient before the surgery in order to avoid discomfort or pain to the patient during the surgical procedure. The surgeon might use minimally invasive (endoscopic) surgical method or even the more advanced robotic-assisted surgery. After making the required incision, the surgeon will shift aside any tissue to gain clear access to the tumor. The surgeon will then use the specialized surgical instruments to remove the tumor completely, or as much of it is possible in the circumstances. This surgery is also combined with radiotherapy to halt the growth of the tumor.
Targeted Therapy – These are medicinal drugs that are designed to target the cancerous molecules only. This therapy is also used to treat chordocarcinoma is some cases.
Radiation – This therapy uses a focused beam of high-energy radiation to kill the cancerous cells from outside the body. This is a non-invasive cancer treatment method and is often used as a supplement to the surgical procedure for chordocarcinoma resection, as well as a supportive therapy before, during or after the surgery till the tumor can be safely removed.
Recovery rate after Chordocarcinoma
The rate of recovery is comparatively shorter for chordocarcinoma treatment using advanced minimally invasive or robotic-assisted surgical methods when compared to the conventional surgical technique. There will be a need for following the post-surgical instructions dutifully in order to prevent the chordocarcinoma from recurring or metastasizing (spreading). The doctor will advise regular checkups to be followed with imaging tests for ensuring that the chordocarcinoma is completely removed and there are no risks of recurring or other related complications.
Choose Travcure for Effective and Efficient Chordocarcinoma treatment in India
India has the world’s largest network of global-standard hospitals and clinics that are spread over its major cities, including Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Bangalore, etc. These are highly-equipped medical healthcare and surgical facilities that are equipped with the best and most modern surgical and medical equipments available today. Travcure ensures that every patient from abroad seeking to get treatment gets the most effective and efficient chordocarcinoma treatment package in India at the most affordable price also.