Tonsillectomy Surgery – An Overview
A tonsillectomy is one of the most common surgical procedures for treatment of tonsillitis that causes the tonsils to become infected and inflamed. This surgery requires the surgeon to remove the affected tonsils from the back of the throat.
A tonsillectomy was earlier required exclusively to treat a severe case of tonsillitis which causes the tonsils (small oval-shaped pads of tissue situated on each side) to become infected and inflamed. Today, this surgery is useful in treatment of sleep-disordered breathing as well as rare tonsil diseases.
Why is a Tonsillectomy Surgery done?
A tonsillectomy surgery is useful in treating:
- Chronic (or recurring) severe tonsillitis
- Enlarged tonsils complications
- Bleeding tonsils
- Rare tonsil diseases
Tonsillitis – The tonsils are responsible for producing certain white blood cells that are capable of fighting diseases and are considered to be the body’s first line of defense against oral bacteria and viruses. This often makes them more vulnerable to get infected and inflamed, and this occurs mostly in children due to lowered ability of the tonsils before the age of puberty.
A tonsillectomy may be advised in order to prevent frequent infections that are more than 7 in a year with the frequency increasing in the last two years.
This procedure is also recommended in case the bacterial infection causing tonsillitis does not respond successfully to antibiotic treatment and the infection is found to be the result of a tonsillar abscess (pus behind the tonsil) which does not improve with drainage or other treatment methods.
Enlarged Tonsils – The tonsils may become abnormally enlarged due to frequent and severe infection as well as being abnormally large since birth (congenital condition).
Enlarged tonsils are likely to cause breathing difficulty, sleep-breathing disorders or swallowing problems and the tonsillectomy is recommended to treat this problem permanently.
Rare Tonsil Diseases – A tonsillectomy is useful in treating other rare diseases that are known to affect the tonsils, such as:
- Cancer in tonsils
- Recurrent bleeding from tonsil blood vessels
How is a Tonsillectomy Surgery performed?
A tonsillectomy surgery may be performed using various methods, such as the ‘steel dissection’ technique which is the most common tonsillectomy surgery procedures. This requires the surgeon to access the tonsils through the oral cavity (mouth) and use a scalpel to cut and remove the affected tonsil.
Cauterization is another method for performing a tonsillectomy surgery. This procedure involves using intense focused heat (laser light) to burn off the damaged tonsils and its tissues.
Ultrasonic vibrations, which use high-intensity sound waves, are also used to remove the damaged tonsils in some cases.
All tonsillectomy procedure s are usually performed under the effects of general anesthesia to the patient so as to avoid the feeling of pain and discomfort to them during the surgical procedure.
A tonsillectomy procedure usually takes around 30 minutes and is done as an outpatient procedure in which the patient is allowed to go home the same day.
What are the Risks associated with Tonsillectomy?
As is seen in any other form of surgical procedure the tonsillectomy procedure may also face certain risks and complications, such as:
- Anesthetic reaction – Sedatives (or anesthetics) used during surgery may cause small, temporary problems such as nausea, dizziness, headache and sore muscles.
- Swelling – The surgery may cause the tongue and the roof of the mouth (palate) to swell which may cause breathing problems during the first few hours after surgery.
- Bleeding – In very rare instances, severe bleeding can occur during a surgery which might require additional corrective surgery as well as an elongated hospital stay. Bleeding during the healing process is rarely seen, when the scab on the wound gets dislocated.
- Infection – In rare cases, the surgical procedure may lead to an infection which might require additional treatment.
Connect with Travcure for the most Efficient and Affordable Tonsillectomy Surgery in India
Travcure is the leader in providing efficient and convenient treatment tours to thousands of foreign patient in India every year. Travcure is well-connected to the large network of comprehensive and global-class healthcare facilities and hospitals that are spread across all major cities of the country, such as Delhi, Bangalore, Mumbai, Chennai, etc. These hospitals are equipped with the latest and most high-tech medical equipments and are managed by a team of highly-experienced medical professionals and specialists. Travcure offers each patient with a unique and bespoke package that ensures the patient gets the best and most conveniently effective Tonsillectomy Surgery in India at the least expensive cost.