Total knee replacement is a surgical procedure which is performed to replace the damaged knee joints and its components with artificial prosthetics and implants which are helpful in returning the lost functionality and movement of the natural knees.
Knee replacement surgical procedure is usually recommended to surgeons when all other medicinal or surgical treatment procedures fail to provide the patient with relief. Total knee replacement surgery is a safe and efficient procedure which is performed on patient to relief them from the pain and correct the leg deformity.
The plethora of experienced and well-trained orthopedic surgeons in India has made it one of the most sought-after destinations to get the best medical treatment at the most affordable costs. Thousands of foreign patients afflicted with painful arthritis of the knee or with traumatic knee injuries come to India every year and undergo successful and efficient total knee replacement surgeries in India and return home with regained knee movement and function.
When Is Total Knee Replacement Surgery Required?
The knee joint is basically composed of three main components:
- Lower end of femur
- Patella (knee cap)
- Upper end of shinbone
A knee joint is one of the largest joints in the body. Knee joint is crucial in performing everyday activities such as walking and sitting. The point where these three bones meet is covered with a soft cartilage tissue that provides the required lubrication and cushioning for the knee joint’s smooth movements. There are a number of large ligaments that keep the femur and tibia joined and stable and the strong thigh muscles give strength to the knee joint. When these joints are damaged or infected total knee replacement surgery is required.
Candidates for Total Knee Replacement Surgery
Ideal Candidates for Total knee replacement surgery are the ones who are suffering from the following signs or symptoms:-
- Extreme pain in the knee joints.
- Severe inflammation in the knee joints.
- Tenderness along the joint.
- Severe arthritis.
- Limited mobility.
- Impaired the function of the joints.
- Stiffness in the joint.
- Unable to move knee joint.
- Deformity of the joint.
- Swelling in the joints.
- All other treatment has failed to provide the patient with relief.
What Damages The Knee Joint?Arthritis is the main cause of knee joint damage. There are three most severe forms of arthritis Osteoarthritis, Rheumatoid arthritis and post-traumatic arthritis which causes the most amount of pain and require knee replacement procedure to alleviate this pain.
- Osteoarthritis: - Osteoarthritis generally occurs in people who are over the age of 50. In Osteoarthritis the cartilage which is the cushion between the bones of wears away which leads to rubbing of bones against each other leading to pain and stiffness in the knees.
- Rheumatoid arthritis: - In rheumatoid arthritis, the synovial membrane which surrounds the joint is inflamed and thickened. This inflammation can damage the cartilage and eventually cause cartilage loss, pain, and stiffness.
- Post-traumatic arthritis: - Post-traumatic arthritis can fracture the bones which are surrounding knee or tears of the knee ligaments which damages the articular cartilage over time leading to severe pain limit the function of the knee.
- Certain medications.
- Hormonal changes.
- Wear and tear of joints.
- Rigorous sports activity.
- Instability in joints.
- Lack of nutrition.
- Age factors.
- Dislocated kneecap.
- Patellofemoral pain syndrome.
- Iliotibial band syndrome.
- Injury while hitting some object.
- Patellar tendonitis.
- Osgood-Schlatter Disease.
How is a Total Knee Replacement surgery performed in India?
A total knee replacement surgery is also known as ‘knee resurfacing’ surgery as only the surfaces of the bones are replaced rather than all the components. The entire procedure is done under general anesthesia after a complete health check up is performed by the doctor and approval is given to go ahead with the surgical procedure.
To perform knee replacement surgery the surgeon will then make an 8-12 inch incision in front of your knee joint and pull the skin and tissues apart to gain access to your knee joint clearly. The affected cartilage and bone surfaces at the femoral and tibial end are then removed carefully.
The surgeon then shapes the bone ends to so that the artificial implants can be fixed to the bone ends by ‘press fit’ method or by using a surgical adhesive to join the implants properly.
If required the surgeon will also shape and groove the inner surface of the patella (kneecap) to fit a plastic button. The next step is for the surgeon to add a surgical plastic spacer between the two metal components (on the ends of the tibia and fibula) to act as a cushion which allows the smooth movement of the joint implant. After being satisfied that the implants are fitted perfectly and the movement is regained the surgeon will then close the incision of the knee.
What Happens After Total Knee Replacement Surgery?
Post-surgery the average stay at the hospital is about three to five days. The majority of people who undergo total knee replacement surgery have seen a dramatic improvement in one month or more after surgery. The pain which is caused by the damaged joint is relieved when the new gliding surface is constructed during surgery.
After total knee replacement surgery patients can stand and move on the same day after the surgery. At first, the patients are advised to walk with the help of parallel bars and then are switched to use walking device such as crutches, walker, or cane. This device is used until the knee is able to support to full body weight.
After six weeks, most patients walk comfortably with minimal assistance. Once their muscle strength is restored with the help of physical therapy then patients can enjoy most of their activities except running and jumping.
How Long Is Physical Therapy Needed After Total Knee Replacement Surgery?
Total Knee Replacement recovery takes time. On an average, the rehabilitation stay is approximately for seven to ten days. Patients are advised to have physical therapy as the final stage of the rehabilitation process. Outpatient therapy lasts from one to two months, depending on the progress of the patient.
Precautions to take after Total Knee Replacement Surgery
After total knee replacement surgery, the patients are advice not to pivot or twist on the involved leg for at least six weeks. In recovery period the patients are advised to lay in the bed and keep the involved knee as straight as possible. Kneeling and squatting are prohibited in the recovery period. Post-surgery the physical therapist provides patients with techniques and adaptive equipment which helps them in following guidelines and precautions while performing daily activities.
Why Is India The Best Destination To Undergo Total Knee Replacement Surgery?
Total Knee Replacement success rate is very high in India. Medical facilities in India are equipped with the latest technology and modern equipment. India has a large pool of highly skilled and qualifies orthopaedic surgeons that add to the success rate of Total Knee Replacement Surgery performed in India. The cost of Total Knee Replacement Surgery in India is very affordable which has attracted many patients abroad and this gave rise to medical tourism in India.
Why choose Travcure for Total Knee Replacement surgery?
Travcure is a globally reputed medical tourism company in India with a decade of experience in providing patients with the best medical packages at the most affordable costs. Travcure is associated with the top most orthopaedic surgeons and healthcare facilities in India. Travcure offers patients with customized packages for orthopaedic surgeries which patients can alter according to their own personal requirement. Travcure aims at transforming their patient’s medical journey into a successful and pleasant experience.[free_quotes_and_consultation]