National Epilepsy Week

epilepsy facts

16th to 24th June

Epilepsy is the fourth most common neurological disorder and affects people of all ages, characterized by unpredictable seizures and can cause other health problems. The seizure types and control vary with individuals.

The Epilepsy National Week aims to involve people and celebrate Epilepsy Week to increase awareness about the condition with people willing to tell and speak about the condition and improve the lives of everyone affected by the condition.

In a poll conducted for the disease it was found that many people don’t feel comfortable talking about their epilepsy with others for fear of discrimination. National Epilepsy Week can long way go to change that attitude.

Symptoms & Types

There are several types of epilepsy like idiopathic epilepsy, symptomatic epilepsy, each with different causes, symptoms and treatments.

Types of Seizures

Six types of seizures are most common.

Refractory Epilepsy – it suggests the medicine is not bringing the seizures under control. It is also known by other names, such as uncontrolled, intractable, or drug-resistant epilepsy.

Photosensitive Epilepsy – is another type of epilepsy seizure. Benign rolandic epilepsy is one form of epilepsy. With this condition, seizures affect the face and sometimes the body.

Lennox-Gastaut syndrome – is a rare and severe kind of epilepsy that starts in childhood. Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy is among the most common forms of epilepsy. One of every 14 people suffers from this.

Abdominal epilepsy is an exceptionally rare syndrome of epilepsy that’s more likely to occur in children. With abdominal epilepsy, seizure activity causes abdominal symptoms. Absence Seizures is caused by abnormal and intense electrical activity in the brain.

Temporal lobe, or psychomotor, seizures are caused by abnormal electrical activity in an area of the brain known as the temporal lobe. This abnormal activity results in temporary changes in movement, sensation, or autonomic function.

Epilepsy in Women

Epilepsy in women is also common with more than one million women of childbearing age have seizure disorder. Women with epilepsy give birth to normal, healthy babies. New moms may have to make some lifestyle changes to keep the baby safe and healthy.

Epilepsy in Children and Teens

Children with seizure are probably one of the most frightening cases to watch. Many kids feel painfully awkward, and it can be worse for teenagers with epilepsy. There are parenting challenges if your child has epilepsy. Apart from the normal upbringing, you have to address emotional concerns also.

Children with epilepsy should be treated like others at all places in the community especially at school. The best way to prevent misunderstandings about epilepsy at school is to safeguard it early. Talking to teachers can bring in some help.

Diagnosis

To know if a person is having a seizure and diagnosing the seizure type or epilepsy syndrome can be difficult.  Disorders can cause behavior changes and can be confused with epilepsy. The seizure treatment depends on accurate diagnosis, making sure that a person has epilepsy and understanding the first step to take that is a critical one.

What happens during a seizure is one of the most important parts to understand.  The information given to the doctor and health care professionals is crucial for further course of action.  Also with accurate descriptions of events, other tests are needed to know exact cause of events and locate the position.

Treatment

The basic treatment goals are common to everyone.

  1. Everyone should know what to do when a person is having a seizure.
  2. All people with seizures and their families should know that the real goal of treating epilepsy is to stop seizures or control them as best as possible.
  3. How epilepsy affects the patients, family may vary. The most important goal is to help people with seizures and their families lead full and unrestricted lives according to their willingness.

Impact of Epilepsy

Health problems or symptoms may occur in people with seizures than in people without seizures.

Mood changes can be related to seizures or medicine side effects. However, mood problems may also be a separate problem. The area of the brain causing the seizures may also be causing mood problems. Related conditions may include:

  • Nothing going good at home, school, work, or with friends
  • Learning problems that require special help
  • Symptoms of depression, anxiety, changes in mood or behavior
  • Sleep Problems
  • Unexplained injuries, falls or other illnesses
  • Thinning of the bones or osteoporosis
  • Reproductive problems
  • Risk of death

Best Things to do Under any Circumstances

  1. Talking to the doctor of your observations  at earliest is advisable
  2. If you don’t know much about your family history, a check down the history will help. Health history is very important for everyone to have.
  3. If you notice other health problems or changes in your mood, thinking or behavior, note when the symptoms occur.
  4. Take the seizure diary and information to all epilepsy visits.
  5. Attend an Epilepsy course/conference and learn more about the impact of epilepsy.

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