Nephrology

Kidney transplant means implanting kidney from one person who is the donor into another patient who is the recipient through a major surgery. In most cases after implant dialysis treatment is not required. As the patient feels better with more energy, most restrictions imposed during dialysis are now withdrawn. Healthcare infrastructure in India is top grade & one of the finest in the world. Moreover, nephrology surgeons in India are well experienced & rank among the best you can get. Nephrology treatments in India are well advanced & give you almost every solution, including organ transplant, at the most cost competitive prices. Kidney transplants and treatment costs in India is still affordable & so take advantage of this opportunity while it is there to fix all your Nephrology related issues.

What is Nephrology?

Nephrology is the medical science of kidneys, dealing with its functions, conditions & treatments. Our kidneys have multiple functions including cleaning our system of waste products, toxins & excessive water. Kidneys also regulate our body’s acid, base & electrolyte balance while secreting certain hormones. Patients suspected of having kidney abnormalities are referred to nephrologists who often work in conjunction with urologists who are trained to provide surgical solutions for kidneys, bladder & urethral diseases. Pediatric Nephrology is a sub-field focusing on kidney diseases of infants & adolescents up to 15 years of age.

Cost of Nephrology Treatments in India

Nephrology treatments generally consist of medications, surgical interventions & kidney transplant. Some of the Nephrology diagnostic methods prescribed by surgeons here in India include urine tests, blood tests, physical symptom analysis & kidney function tests. Biopsy for pathology of kidneys & Glomerular filtration rate exam is sought for diagnosis of specific medical ailments. Kidney imaging procedures generally consist of ultrasound, CT, MRI scans or Renal Arteriography.

Nephrology Treatments in India with TRAVCURE

Travcure provides outstanding Nephrology Treatments in the best kidney transplant hospitals in India. Our 24X7 assistance alongside call & electronic mail services are one of the best you can rely upon. We are associated with the best the Nephrologists in the country. We ensure you receive transparent, high-quality, seamless, affordable & hassle-free extensive range of Nephrology treatments to overcome all kinds of medical problems including dialysis & kidney transplants.

Diabetic Kidney Disorder Treatments

Often referred by doctors as Diabetes Mellitus, this basically describes a group of metabolic medical conditions in which patients suffer high blood glucose levels because insulin production is inadequate. Patients having high blood sugar typically experience frequent urination with increasing thirst & feeling hungry. Other hard facts on diabetes indicate that it is a long term medical condition with which almost 382 million people across various nationalities suffer from. High levels of sugar in the blood also affects the nerves and blood vessels in the body. Thus it also affects the functioning of the kidneys, eventually leading to kidney failure. Other common symptoms of diabetes include fatigue, weight gain or unusual weight loss, numbness, tingling in hands & feet, male sexual dysfunction along with cuts & bruises that do not heal.  Hence diabetes needs to be closely monitored and promptly dealt with to avoid the major complications it leads to.

Three types of diabetes are identified till now

  1. Type 1 Diabetes
  2. Type 2 Diabetes
  3. Gestational Diabetes

Dialysis Treatment for Diabetes

Dialysis is a process in which the dialysis machine is used for removing waste, salt & excessive water from blood in people with end stage kidney function failure. Dialysis also helps maintain body in balance by keeping a safe level of certain chemicals in blood like sodium, potassium & bicarbonate. Usually, but not always, kidney failure is permanent. In some cases however, dialysis may only be needed for a short period of time until kidneys get better. In cases where they are put on waiting list for organ transplant, dialysis is required until the time they get a new kidney. Normally, there two types of dialysis hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis.

Renal Osteodystrophy

Renal Osteodystrophy is a type of bone disease which occurs when kidneys fail to regulate calcium & phosphorous levels in blood. Common among most dialysis patients it is most serious in children as this condition slows bone growth causing deformities & short stature. Renal Osteodystrophy symptoms are difficult to be noticed in adults. However, if left untreated bones are found to thin & weaken causing joint pain with increased risk of fractures. In cases of kidney failure, they stop making calcitriol which is necessary to absorb dietary calcium and phosphorus and pass it into the blood and bones. Instead the body starts absorbing calcium and phosphorus from the bones, making them soft and porous. Apart from medication treatments for Renal Osteodystrophy, calcium supplements & proper diet & exercise are also essential.

Electrolyte Imbalances

There are numerous chemicals within the blood which are meant to regulate important functions of our body. Called electrolytes, they separate into positive & negatively charged ions when dissolved in water. Nerve reactions & muscle functions largely depend upon proper exchange of electrolyte ions inside & outside the cells. Some common examples of electrolytes within our system include magnesium, calcium, sodium & potassium & when imbalanced, give rise to a variety of medical conditions.

Causes for electrolyte imbalance include inadequate diet, lack of vitamins in food, kidney disease, hormone or endocrine disorders & mal-absorption when the body is unable to absorb them due to medications or stomach disorders. Other specific reasons for electrolyte imbalance are due to loss of body fluids from prolonged diarrhea, vomiting, sweating or high fever. Complications from chemotherapy like tumor lysis syndrome causing low blood calcium with high potassium levels are also reasons triggering electrolyte-related abnormalities.

Laparoscopic Nephrectomy

It is a keyhole procedure which lasts for 3-4 hours depending upon the medical case. General anesthesia is given & small 3 to 4 incisions are made in the abdomen to create a pathway for laparoscope & surgical instruments. With help of trocars & other instruments, the kidney which is present in an enclosed bag is removed & blood vessels are ligated. Benefits of Laparoscopic Nephrectomy over traditional surgery are minimal blood loss & pain, shorter duration of hospital stay & recovery time is less as compared to the traditional surgery, depending upon good health of the patient.

Nephrectomy

Kidneys can get damaged due to chronic infection, obstruction, calculus disease or any severe traumatic injury. Nephrectomy involves removal of infected or damaged kidney through an expert surgical procedure. It is also performed on a healthy or cadaver kidney donor, whose kidney is to be used for transplantation. In partial nephrectomy procedure, tumor & thin rim of kidney is removed. If both kidneys are removed then it is called bilateral nephrectomy.

Nephrolithotomy / Nephrolithotripsy

Renal lithiasis or PCNL is a keyhole procedure wherein medium to large,complicated kidney stones are removed through a small incision (generally 1cm). The renal calculi normally are 1- 2 cm large & the mineral composition can be of calcium oxalate, uric acid, cysteine, struvite, & staghorn which are hard. Urosurgeons make use of probes & long tube to crush & to drain out stones from kidneys. The hospital stay is generally of 4-5 days & the recovery time is quite less. Another procedure ESWL or Extracorporeal Shock wave lithotripsy, in which shock waves are targeted on the kidney stones and are broken into tiny fragments which then travel easily through the urinary tract and pass out of the body along with the urine.

Radical Nephrectomy

Complete surgical removal of kidney along with its associated gland, tissue, tube & lymph node is known as Radical Nephrectomy. This procedure is largely preferred by surgeons when kidneys are critically affected by cancer / infection & which may increase the risk of acute morbidity or complications.

Low Cost Kidney Surgery in India

Kidney Transplant is a surgical procedure whereby a kidney from a live or deceased donor is transferred into a patient whose kidneys have failed. Kidney Transplant Surgery is most often the best treatment option for cases of kidney failure or end-stage kidney disease. When a compatible kidney donor is not immediately available, the patient’s name is placed on a wait list so as to receive kidney from deceased donors. This wait can generally last from a few months to years during which time the patient will have to rely on dialysis to remove waste from his bloodstream so as to stay alive. Just one kidney is enough to replace two failed kidneys & this is what makes living-donor transplantation a viable option.

Low Cost Polycystic Kidney Treatment in India

Polycystic Kidney Disease or PKD is inherited disorder causing clusters of cysts to develop within kidneys. These cysts are noncancerous round sacs which contain water-like fluid. Varying in size, cysts can accumulate additional fluid to grow larger. Though kidneys primarily are most severely affected organs, PKD can also cause cysts to develop in liver & other places in the body thereby producing a variety of complications. Most common complication arising of PKD is high blood pressure. Another common serious problem created by PKD is kidney failure. Lifestyle changes alongside medical treatments may be helpful to reduce damage to kidneys from complications like high blood pressure.

Hematuria

Hematuria or simply blood in urine can cause anxiety. Most often benign causes are behind this condition, but hematuria can also indicate serious disorder providing genuine reason for concern. Blood in urine can be gross hematuria & which can be seen through the naked eye. Blood that is visible only under a microscope is called microscopic hematuria. In either case it is important to find reason for bleeding as treatment solely depends on the underlying causes. Generally, visible signs in this medical condition include red, pink or cola-colored urine due to presence of red blood corpuscles. Passing blood clots in urine can at times be painful & requires immediate medical attention.

Glomerular Disease

Glomerular Disease reduces ability of kidneys to maintain required balance of substances in bloodstream. Kidneys should be normally filtering toxins out of blood & excrete them as urine while retaining RBC & protein in bloodstream. In people with Glomerular Disease just the reverse takes place. Protein & RBC are excreted in urine while toxins are retained. Glomerular Disease may either occur alone or associate with various underlying medical conditions like diabetes, lupus & certain other infections. Glomerular Disease is called acute when it develops suddenly, or chronic if it develops slowly over long periods of time. However, treatment of Glomerular Disease largely depends upon the type & underlying causes of illness.

Kidney Stone Treatment

Technically known as Renal Lithiasis or Nephrolithiasis, kidney stones are small, hard mineral & acid salt deposits formations inside kidneys. These have many causes & can affect any region of the urinary tract right from kidneys to bladder. Most often kidney stones form when urine is concentrated thereby allowing minerals to crystallize & join. Passage of kidney stone along the tract can be extremely painful. Nevertheless, kidney stones do not cause any permanent damage. Consuming plenty of water alongside pain medication is essential to managing passage. In cases where stones are lodged within urinary tract & cause complications, surgical intervention may be needed.

Treatment of Kidney Diseases in India

India can boast of the cheapest kidney transplant in the world. Affordable kidney surgery in India includes renal transplant & treatment for kidney failure. Laparoscopic kidney transplant procedure is also available at a fraction of the cost you would incur anywhere else across the world. Kidney care in India is excellent & handled by the best kidney specialist, nephrologists, who have been trained in U.K. & USA. India, in fact is a global authority with high-class kidney transplant hospital facilities offering specialized treatments for kidney infection & kidney failure.

Benefits of Kidney Transplantation

There are several best hospitals for kidney transplant in India associated with TRAVCURE. Kidney transplantation has several benefits, foremost being that the patient does not need to undergo dialysis as the function of his kidneys are back to normal. Other relative benefits include –

  1. Most dietary restrictions are withdrawn & patient can enjoy life at ease
  2. Patient is no more tied to dialysis center or home for dialysis
  3. He can travel to locations without constraints, however, with due care
  4. Patients feel more energetic after kidney transplant & can enjoy sexual indulgence as well

Legal Formalities for Kidney Transplant in India

Kidneys for transplant can come from donors living or dead. However kidney donation must fulfill the following criteria –

  • Donors should be between the age of 18 to 55 years
  • They should not have any kidney related illnesses
  • They should not suffer from high blood pressure, diabetes or cardiac problems
  • Donors should not have any hereditary kidney problems
  • Recipients should be below 60 years of age

Since life can sustain on one kidney, donors can lead normal lives with the other kidney. By defining brain death of a person to a certain degree in the Human Organ Transplantation Act 1994, process of receiving an organ from cadaveric donors is largely simplified now; although the wait is still inevitable. Living donors by law can be parents, grandparents, children, grandchildren, sibling or spouse for whom document formalities for transplant are limited. But for other donors who are friends or distant relatives, quite a few other formalities are necessary for evaluation as donor. Foremost being no objection from appropriate state bodies where donors belong.

 

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