How Neurosurgery works?
Neurosurgery is the branch of surgical procedures that are aimed at diagnosing, treating, preventing or rehabilitation of any type of injury or disorder that affects a person’s brain, peripheral nerves, spinal cord or different components of the nervous system.
A neurosurgery works by treating surgically any type of disorder or injury that a person incurs affecting their brain and the complete nervous system. These surgeries are performed by highly-experienced neurosurgeons in order to diagnose, treat and prevent such events affecting the brain and nervous system.
There are different types and various kinds of neurosurgical procedures that are used for specific disorders and injuries depending on the type of injury/disorder as well as the location of the affected portion on the brain or the nervous system.
The neurosurgical procedures are divided into the following parts:
Vascular neurosurgery/endovascular neurosurgery
Also known as ‘neuro-interventional surgery’ this sub-specialty of neurosurgery is performed using catheters and radiology technique to diagnose and treat a number of central nervous system disorders and diseases. This type of surgery is mostly used for surgery on the brain and the spinal cord.
Also known as epilepsy surgery or functional neurosurgery, this type of surgery is helpful in lessening the occurrence of seizures and preventing them from spreading. It is aimed at partial or total removal of the corpus callosum or at severing epileptic foci as well as total lobectomy.
Also known as neurosurgical oncology this type of surgery aims to treat benign and malignant tumor in the brain or the central nervous system. It also includes removal of lesions and cancerous growths through surgery.
This type of neurosurgery is aimed to treat seizures, stroke, congenital neurological disorders, cancers, etc that affect infants and children.
This type of neurosurgery is used to treat a number of disorders and diseases that are seen to affect people in their advanced age, such as dementia, which are caused by age-related factors only.
Neurosurgery can be performed with different methods of approach as well, such as:
Certain imaging tests such as computerized tomography (CT) scan, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), Positron Emission Tomography (PET) and stereotactic radio-surgery are extensively used in diagnosis and treatment of various neurological disorders.
This is the ‘open-type’ surgical method that requires the neurosurgeon to open the patient’s skull to create an access point to the brain. This surgical method of neurosurgery is preferred in cases of trauma or in emergency situations.
Neurological microsurgery is preferred for EC-IC bypass procedures and to restore the carotid artery. This type of surgery is also useful in removal of an aneurysm as well as in performing minimally invasive spine surgery procedures. Microsurgery techniques are used mainly in artificial disc replacement, laminectomy and micro-discectomy.
This is an advanced technique for performing intricate surgeries. This method uses computer-assistance to perform a surgery. It requires the formation of the anatomical structure based on a two-coordinate frame that is orthogonal in shape. A frame of clamps and bars is used to hold the head in place for reference in the co-ordinates. These coordinates are used to guide the surgical apparatus over to the operating area to perform the surgery.
This is a minimally invasive neurosurgical procedure that involves making smaller sized and less number of incisions as compared to a conventional open type of neurosurgery. An endoscope (thin flexible tube) is usually inserted from the nasal passage (nostrils) to the affected are and the attached tiny surgical instruments are then used to perform the required surgery. This approach is required mostly when treating pituitary tumors, chordomas, craniopharyngiomas and to repair spinal fluid leakage.
These various types of neurosurgical techniques are used to treat a large number of neurological disorders. These are the different types of neurological surgeries that are commonly performed according to the various parts of the central nervous system:
Craniotomy and burr holes are the most common procedures in neurosurgery that are required to be performed on the skull. Craniotomy is done by making an opening in the skull bone to access the part of the brain that is affected. A burr hole is useful in draining fluid/blood from between the brain and the skull (internal hemorrhage).
Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion – This commonly performed neurosurgical procedure is useful in treating compression of the nerve root or the spinal cord through relieving the pressure from the spinal cord and the nerve root to stabilize the vertebra.
Cervical laminectomy – This surgery is used to relieve the pressure from the spinal cord due to a ruptured vertebral disc or spinal stenosis which causes pain in the back.
Posterior cervical fusion – This surgical procedure is helpful in relieving pain caused due to pressure on nerve roots or on the spinal cord. This procedure requires fusion (welding) of two consecutive vertebras together in order to restrict their movement and hence resolve the pain.
Kyphoplasty – This is one of the minimally invasive surgical methods that is used to compression fractures of the spinal column.
Vertebroplasty – This is a minimally invasive procedure that aims at relieving pain caused due to a compression fracture in the spine.
Lumbar laminectomy – This surgical procedure is mostly required to relieve the leg pain being caused due to a spinal stenosis, herniated vertebral disc or other conditions of the spine and nerves.
Posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) – This surgical procedure is performed to correct the height of the spine if reduced due to a vertebral damage as well as to relieve the accompanying pain by fusing the damaged vertebra with a neighboring vertebra to restrict its movement.
Micro-lumbar discectomy – This is a traditional surgical method used to treat pinched nerves or a herniated lumbar disc.
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GENERAL SPINAL PROCEDURES
Spinal lesion laminectomy – This surgical method helps the neurosurgeon to access the patient’s spinal cord and to remove any lesion or tumor growth from it.
Open reduction-Internal fixation – Also known as ‘ORIF’ procedure this is a common procedure used to align a bent or damaged spinal column with the aid of x-ray imaging techniques.
Who is a candidate for Neurosurgery?
You are considered an ideal candidate for a neurosurgery if:
- You face problems with the spinal column such as constant pain in the back
- You suffer from a herniated disc
- You have a traumatic injury that affects your back or spinal column
- You suffer from constant neck pain
- You find performing normal daily activities painful or difficult
The doctor/neurosurgeon will also take into account various other factors such as your overall health and your medical history to determine if and which of the neurosurgical procedures will be most efficient and best-suited for your individual case.
Benefits of Neurosurgery in Goa
There are a large number of global-class neurological hospitals and clinics in Goa that specialize in managing all types of neurological surgeries. These hospitals and clinics have the most advanced and latest in surgical equipments that help manage the neurosurgery in the best possible way. There are many extremely experienced neurosurgeons and neurologyspecialists in Goa that ensures you get the most expert advice regarding diagnosis and treatment of your neurological problem.
Complications of Neurosurgery
As is seen in many other invasive and major surgical procedures neurosurgery also involves certain risks and complications that may arise in some cases, these are:
- Infections – Infection after a neurosurgery is seen in very rare cases due to bacterial accumulation during, or after, surgery.
- Bleeding – There are chances that you may suffer from post-operative bleeding in the operated area, especially after removal of a benign or malignant tumor. This internal bleeding is called as a ‘hemorrhage’ which may lead to unconsciousness if left untreated for long.
- Seizures – Seizures may often be seen after a neurosurgery that requires removal of soft tissue from the brain or spinal column due to erratic electrical activity in the nervous system. Anti-convulsant medicines are used to treat such post-operative seizures.
- Strokes – This is caused when the blood flow to the brain becomes suddenly interrupted. Lack of oxygen to the particular region of the brain may cause the brain cells in the region to die. This results in functional disabilities often.
Connect with Travcure Medical Tourism Consultants for Neurosurgery in India
Travcure Medical Tourism Consultants are well renowned for providing the best neurosurgical treatments in India. Travcure is associated with a large number of well-established neurological specialty hospitals and clinics in major cities of India. These hospitals and clinics offer the best treatment for neurological disorders with the use of latest diagnostic and treatment medical instruments. Travcure takes better care of you by providing the most efficient and most affordable package for neurosurgery in India.