Prostate Artery Embolization

Prostate Artery EmbolizationA benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH) is also known as an enlarged prostate gland which is a common non-cancerous disorder usually seen in men who have reached their senior age (60 years and above).

Signs And Symptoms of Benign Prostate Hyperplasia (BPH)

The most commonly seen symptoms of benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH) are:

  • Frequent urination (especially at night)
  • Urgent urination feeling
  • Urine dispensing in a dribble or leaks often
  • Weak and slow urine flow

What is Prostate Artery Embolization (PAE)?

The procedure of prostate artery embolization (PAE) is one of the latest surgical procedures that help treat urinary symptoms associated with benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH) in the prostate gland. It has the added advantage in which the sexual activity of the person does not get affected in any way.

How is Prostate Artery Embolization (PAE) surgery performed?

A prostate artery embolization surgery is a minimally invasive type of surgery. This embolization surgery requires the doctor to administer painkillers through an IV (intra-venous) method to alleviate pain and does not require any kind of anesthesia.

The actual surgery involves making a pinhole incision in the groin area above the prostate gland and the use of a small catheter which is inserted in an artery connected to the prostate gland. The catheter is entered into the artery supplying blood to the prostate after which tiny particles are released into the bloodstream through this catheter to help block blood supply to the prostate. This blocking of the artery is known as ‘embolization’. This procedure is repeated on the other artery as well.

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Embolization helps to restrict blood supply to the prostate areas that are affected by benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH) which causes the affected area to decay eventually. This causes the prostate to become soft in some time which in turn relieves some pressure from the urinary tract and improves urinary function. The enlarged prostate will eventually shrink to normalcy over a period of around 4-6 months.

Risks Involved in Prostate Artery Embolization (PAE)

There are a few rarely occurring risk after the prostate artery embolization procedure is performed. Most risk is posed if the blocking particles are released into an artery that connects to the rectum or the bladder which could result in tissue dying in these organs.

To minimize this risk the doctors often use a ‘Cone Beam CT scanner’ which lets the physician see CT images of the placement of the catheter to determine if the catheter will release the blocking particles in the required artery.

The doctors in India and the urology surgeons are vastly trained and have an immense amount of experience in managing PAE surgery. These doctors and surgeons are further assisted by a well-trained staff as well as the disposal of the latest in medical diagnostic and surgical procedure in the wide number of global-standard hospitals. There are thousands of patients who choose to get PAE procedure done in India owing to the world-class treatment facilities available at a low cost as compared to their native countries as well as any other country.

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