Brain aneurysm is a health condition that arises because of swelling in the blood vessel that supplies oxygenated blood to brain. Prime reason which leads to such situation is weakened walls of the blood vessel. This neurological condition is further classified as a ruptured and unruptured brain aneurysm. As the name itself indicates, a ruptured brain aneurysm occurs when blood vessel outbreaks and leads to bleeding inside brain. It may prove to be fatal if not treated immediately. Whereas, an unruptured brain aneurysm can cause several health disorders and may get ruptured over a period of time. Therefore, treatment for an unruptured aneurysm is equally important as a ruptured brain aneurysm.
Risk Factors Associated with Brain Aneurysm
Prevalence of brain aneurysm in women is more in comparison with men. The following list conveys major risk factors that may result in brain aneurysm condition.
- Head Injury – A serious head injury is the most common risk factor linked to brain aneurysm. Patients must seek a prompt treatment after any head injury to avoid risk of such problem.
- Smoking and Alcohol Abuse – Smoking and heavy alcohol consumption may deteriorate healthy blood vessel in brain and fuel up the chances of brain aneurysm.
- Family History – People with a family history of this neurological problem are at a greater risk of developing it. Such people must visit a neurosurgeon for a complete medical check-up.
- Other Health Conditions – Several health disorders like inherited connective tissue disease, high blood pressure, and polycystic kidney disease may weaken blood vessels around brain and give rise to a large number of life-threatening complications including a brain aneurysm.
Signs and Symptoms of Brain Aneurysm
Warning signs or symptoms of a ruptured brain aneurysm differ from an unruptured brain aneurysm. The below list of symptoms can help patients identify an underlying brain aneurysm condition.
- Ruptured Brain Aneurysm – Patients experiencing the given symptoms of ruptured brain aneurysm must contact a neurosurgeon right away. Otherwise, it may cause serious disability or even death.
- Unbearable Headache – Patients may encounter an unbearable headache due to rupturing of blood vessel in brain. At such point of time, patients need an immediate medical care.
- Stiffness around Neck – It has been observed that ruptured brain aneurysm may lead to extreme stiffness around neck region. Patients experiencing such symptom must not take it lightly and go to a hospital at the earliest.
- Eyesight Problems – A ruptured brain aneurysm may cause poor vision and create other eye-related complications such as blurred and double vision.
- Seizures – Patients may experience severe episodes of seizure due to brain damage caused by ruptured brain aneurysm.
- Confusion – Brain aneurysm may affect memory of patients and they may feel confused in terms of recognizing their family members or friends.
- Numbness in Body – Brain may lose its control over body of patients due to rupturing of blood vessel in brain area. Patients may not be able to do anything and experience numbness in entire body.
- Coma – Significant brain damage may result in loss of consciousness and eventually lead patients to coma.
- Unruptured Brain Aneurysm – The upcoming list exhibits symptoms of an unruptured brain aneurysm. Patients should consult a well-trained neurosurgeon on experiencing these warning signs.
- Painful Eye Condition – Patients may experience severe pain in eyes due to pressure on a blood vessel in brain.
- Changes in Speech and Vision – Patients are likely to notice significant changes in their speaking ability and vision over a short span of time.
- Facial Paralysis – Patients may get paralysis on one side of face due to an underlying brain aneurysm.
Diagnosing Brain Aneurysm
The bleeding condition which emerges due to rupturing of blood vessel in brain is medically referred to as subarachnoid hemorrhage. Respective neurosurgeons order the given tests when patients are admitted to hospital and begin to perform an appropriate treatment as soon as possible to save their precious lives. However, these diagnostic tests are performed in case of emergency as well as when brain aneurysm is causing symptoms but has not ruptured. In both the cases, it helps surgeons to analyze patient’s health status.
- Computerized Tomography Scan (CT Scan) – This is a painless diagnostic procedure that involves generation of high-quality pictures of patient’s brain and surrounding blood vessels. Patients are exposed to a scanner that uses x-rays to serve the purpose.
- Cerebrospinal Fluid Evaluation – Cerebrospinal fluid is located around brain and spinal cord to regulate normal functioning of body. Presence of red blood vessels in this fluid is a clear indication of a ruptured brain aneurysm. Therefore, neurosurgeons may take a sample of this fluid from patient’s spinal area and check for red blood vessels.
- Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) – MRI scan is similar to a CT scan except for the fact that it involves magnetic fields and radio waves to generate pictures.
- Cerebral Angiogram – This test involves insertion of a medical device known as a catheter in patient’s arm or groin area. Neurosurgeons guide this device to patient’s brain and inject a specialized dye before exposing them to x-rays. Once the dye has been introduced, various x-ray scans are performed to check out precise condition of patient.
Treatment Options for Brain Aneurysm
The following list describes surgical procedures that can be performed to treat a ruptured brain aneurysm. These surgeries can also be used for unruptured brain aneurysm condition simply to prevent patients from problem of rupturing in future.
- Neurosurgical Clipping – This medical procedure can fulfill the aim of stopping bleeding in patient’s brain in case of ruptured aneurysm and prevent rupturing in case of unruptured brain aneurysm. Neurosurgeons may start with making a cut in patient’s scalp to access skull. They will carefully place a metal clip at base of aneurysm to close it off and terminate normal flow of blood. It will considerably help to relieve pressure that ordinarily builds up due to blood flow in that specific region.
- Endovascular Coiling Surgery – This surgery is relatively less invasive as compared to neurosurgical clipping procedure. During endovascular coiling, neurosurgeons insert a flexible device called as a catheter in the artery that reaches to aneurysm through patient’s groin or leg. After that, respective neurosurgeons guide platinum coils through catheter to block the space in an aneurysm completely. It eventually restricts entry of blood in future and helps restore patient’s condition.
Risks and Complications Associated with Brain Aneurysm Surgery
Both neurosurgical clipping, as well as endovascular coiling procedures for brain aneurysm, carry a major risk of re-bleeding. Generally, surgeons monitor patients for some time to avoid this condition. In addition to this, there may arise several other problems like clotting of blood, infection, swelling of brain, speech and vision changes, memory loss, seizures, and even stroke. Respective neurosurgeons are likely to provide medicines to manage and reduce these postoperative risks and complications to a large extent.
Recovery Following Brain Aneurysm Surgery
Patients may require staying in respective healthcare center for a day or two if there does not exist any major complication following their brain aneurysm surgery. Otherwise, patients will have to wait until they become healthy enough to go back home. During recovery phase, they will need to follow diet as per their doctor’s instructions. Also, they will need to consume every single medicine prescribed by surgeons in a strict manner. Patients must keep in mind not to perform any exhausting physical activity during healing period. Neurosurgeon‘s may advise patients to undergo CT scans or MRI after a month or two solely to ensure their good health status. Complete recovery time will depend on patient’s overall health, willpower, and commitment to follow doctor’s guidelines.
Avail Best Brain Aneurysm Surgery in India with Travcure
Travcure Medical Tourism has achieved a reputed position in India for providing best neuro care and other medical facilities to international patients at cost-effective rates. Team Travcure understands that brain aneurysm is a serious condition and needs a high-quality treatment to get successful outcomes. Patients need not worry regarding their treatment as Travcure is closely associated with top neurosurgeons and fully-furnished healthcare centers. Furthermore, brain aneurysm surgery cost is usually very expensive. Medical professionals at Travcure make sure that their international guests get an affordable brain aneurysm surgery in India. Travcure also offers a free online medical consultation to help overseas patients understand complete treatment procedure before they fly down to India. In addition to this, they stay in touch with patients in postoperative period also for ensuring their safety even when they have left India. Therefore, international patients can count on medical care provided by Travcure Medical Tourism.
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