Spinal Decompression Surgery: Options to Treat Spinal Cord and Nerve Root

spinal-decompression-surgery

What is Spinal Decompression Surgery?

A spinal decompression surgery is the surgical procedure required to relieve the compression from the spinal column caused by pressure to the spinal cord and the nerves in the spinal column (neural impingement).

What is Surgical Spinal Decompression?

A surgical spinal decompression aims to correct the damage caused by bulging or collapsed vertebral disks, loosened ligaments, thickened vertebral joints and bone spurs (abnormal bone growths) found in the spinal column (vertebras) that cause the spinal canal to become narrow in circumference and affect the foramen (spinal nerve openings) and cause irritation in the spine that becomes progressively painful.

Spinal decompression surgery is useful in relieving the symptoms of spinal compression such as:

  • Weakness
  • Numbness
  • Pain
  • Tingling
  • Unsteadiness

Severe cases of spinal compression can result in onset of paralysis accompanied by loss of bladder and bowel control due to the pressure on the nerves in the spinal column.

What are the types of Spinal Decompression Surgery?

There are various types of spinal decompression surgeries that are effective in relieving painful symptoms caused by the compression of the spine. These surgical procedures aim at relieving the pressure from the spinal cord and the nerve openings in the spinal column as well as restoring strength and stability to the spine.

The type of surgical procedure for spinal decompression will depend on your preference and the doctor’s/surgeon’s advice. These are the various types of spinal decompression surgeries that are used:

Laminectomy

This surgical procedure requires the removal of the part of the vertebral bone and other tissues that are found to be causing compression (putting pressure) on the spinal cord.

This procedure requires the surgeon to make an incision in the skin over the vertebra that is causing compression of the spine. The surgeon gains access to the lamina (arched bone of vertebra that covers the spinal cord within) and reaches the compressed nerve. The surgeon will remove the part of the vertebra bone and other tissues that are found to be putting pressure on the spinal cord and the spinal cord will be shifted into the normal position inside the spinal canal.

When the surgeon is satisfied that there are no more bone spurs or tissues that can put pressure on the spinal cord they will stitch the incision closed.

Discectomy

This procedure is useful in relieving pressure from the spinal cord caused by a herniated (bulging) or slipped disc of the vertebra.

The procedure involves the surgeon making an incision in the skin above the affected disc to reach it after shifting aside skin tissue and muscles. The surgeon will then attempt to remove enough of the herniated disc to relieve the pressure from the spinal cord or nerve. The surgeon will try and leave a maximum of the disc intact in order to work as a shock absorber.

When the surgeon is satisfied that the collapsed/damaged disc does not pose a risk of further compressing the spinal cord they will close the incision.

Spinal fusion

A spinal fusion procedure aims to relieve the painful symptoms caused by the pressure on the spinal column by restricting movement of the affected vertebra.

The procedure involves the surgeon making an incision in the skin above the damaged vertebra and accessing the vertebra clearly. The surgeon will then use a bone graft or an artificial bone implant (medical-grade metal or plastic) to fuse two consecutive vertebras together. This is done with the aim to restrict movement of the vertebra that causes irritation and pain in the spinal column by putting excessive pressure on the nerve endings and the spinal cord.

The bone graft and other synthetic materials are placed between the two consecutive vertebras in order to provide temporary support and promote the fusion (welding) of the vertebras.

The bone graft may be taken from your hipbone or from behind the ear and are known as autologous grafts, while the surgeon may also opt to take a donor bone graft from an external source which is known as allograft.

These bone grafts are held in place with the use of medical-grade metal screws, plates, and rods.

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Keyhole surgery

This is a minimally invasive type of surgical procedure and is also known as ‘micro-endoscopic’ surgery. This procedure uses a thin and flexible tube (endoscope) that has a video camera attached to its end. This endoscope is inserted inside the skin at the back through tiny (keyhole) incisions made over the affected vertebra. The endoscopic camera lets the surgeon view the damage to the spinal cord and the nerves. The endoscope also has various tiny surgical instruments attached to it that are inserted through other keyhole incisions and are used to perform the required corrective procedures.

This endoscopic procedure has the advantage of being less invasive than a conventional ‘open’ type surgery and has a shorter recovery time along with a shorter stay in the hospital.

Interspinous distraction

This is a relatively modern procedure for treating spinal stenosis. This surgery requires the surgeon to make a small incision in the back above the damaged vertebra and place a ‘spacer’ (metal device) between two vertebras that are rubbing against each other to cause the painful symptoms. This spacer acts as a bracket that keeps a safe and normal distance between the two consecutive vertebras.

What are the associated risks of a Spinal Decompression Surgery?

There are risks involved in any kind of major surgery, hence the spinal decompression surgery also faces the following risks in rare cases:

  • Infection
  • Bleeding
  • Blood clots
  • Tissue/nerve damage
  • Anesthetic allergy

Why Goa Medical Tourism is best for Spine Surgery?

Goa is famous as a tourist resort amongst millions of foreign visitors but many are unaware of its other distinction for being a budding orthopedic treatment destination. Goa Medical Tourism has a vast network of orthopedic hospitals and clinics that have global standards of surgical treatments. These hospitals and clinics employ the best and most experienced orthopedic doctors and surgeons who are proven to have a high success rate for surgical treatment of spinal disorders including spinal decompression surgeries. The orthopedic hospitals and clinics in Goa provide the best and most efficient spinal surgeries at the lowest cost in India.

To Get Free Quotes & Consultation For This Treatment in India

Contact Us

Call Us: +91-8600044116

Email Us: info@travcure.com

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