What is Leukemia: Its Symptoms, and Different Treatment Options

Leukemia Treatment in IndiaWhat is Leukemia?

Leukemia is a term used to identify the group of cancers that develop in the bone marrow and causes abnormal growth of white blood cells in the body. Also, called as ‘blasts’ and ‘leukemia cells’, these are immature and under-developed white blood cells that eventually grow to so many numbers that they hinder the functioning of the red blood cells. Normal white blood cells are essential to the body to fight against infections.

Uncontrollable growth of the immature white blood cells causes anemia, infections and excessive bleeding in the affected person. Leukemia also affects the lymph nodes and other vital organs causing pain and swelling.

What are the signs and symptoms of Leukemia?

These are the commonly seen signs and symptoms of leukemia:

  • Blood platelets deficiency – Lack of sufficient blood cells in the body causes lack of blood clotting which eventually results in pinprick bleeds (petechiae), excessive bleeding and bruising.
  • Weak immune system – Immature white blood cells in the body do not have the capability to fight pathogens that cause infections in the body which results in constant sore throat, diarrhea, fatal-level pneumonia, tonsils, sores in the oral cavity (mouth) and various other infections.
  • Red blood cell deficiency – Deficiency of red blood cells in the body results in the development of anemia and eventually in the development of pallor and dyspnea.
  • Constant sick feeling
  • Frequent fever
  • Chills and night sweats
  • Fatigue
  • Nausea
  • Enlarged spleen and/or liver
  • Weight loss
  • Headaches
  • Migraines and seizures

What are the treatment methods of Leukemia?

As with any other form of cancer the treatment for leukemia also depends upon several different factors such as the type and stage of leukemia, patient’s age, overall healthiness as well as the fact if the leukemia has spread to the cerebrospinal fluid.

These are the types of treatment methods that are used in treating leukemia:

Chemotherapy

This therapy uses the various medicinal drugs to destroy cancerous leukemia cells. This may involve administering the drugs through tablets or pills through oral ingestion or may be delivered intravenously directly into the blood stream. One or a combination of different, drugs is used in chemotherapy in a cyclic fashion with rest periods in between.

Intrathecal chemotherapy involves administering the drugs directly into the cerebrospinal fluid which is useful in treating, or preventing the spread of, leukemia of the spinal cord or brain.

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Biological therapy

Treatment of leukemia using biological bodies involves administering various kinds of anti-bodies, cytokines and tumor vaccines. This treatment may include using of substances derived from living organisms, certain living organisms and synthetically produced substances as well.

Targeted therapy

This therapy is used to focus the treatment for fighting against any one specific characteristic of the cancer cells. It usually targets the growth inducing capacities of the cancer cells to inhibit the spread and further development of the cancer cells.

Targeted therapy is also known as precision medicine, molecularly targeted therapy or molecularly targeted drugs.

Radiation therapy

Radiation therapy for treatment of leukemia involves using high-energy blasts to kill cancerous cells in the affected part. This therapy is useful in treating leukemia which has spread to the brain or spleen as well as other areas where the blasts are likely to get accumulated.

Why to choose Travcure Medical Tourism Consultants for treatment of Leukemia in India?

Travcure Medical Tourism Consultants are widely known as the best medical tourism consultants owing to their efficiency and successful treatment trips of the patients coming to India through them to get treatment for leukemia. The vast team of experts at Travcure are adept at identifying the singular and specific needs of every different individual patients and organizing their complete trip to India in such a way that is most efficient and affordable. Travcure believes in being diligent towards patient satisfaction regarding all the aspects of their duration of stay in India as well as giving the best of service at the lowest possible cost.

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