Osteoporosis: Types, Cause, Risk Factors and Treatment Options in India

treatment-options-for-osteoporosis

What is Osteoporosis?

Osteoporosis is a disease that affects the bones of elderly people mostly. It causes progressive weakening of the bones in the person and makes their bones more prone to fractures. It mostly affects the bones in the back, forearm and the hip.

The affected bones become brittle to such an extent that even a minor pressure or a small trauma can break these bones as they become thinner with advancing osteoporosis.

What are the types of Osteoporosis?

There are mainly four types of osteoporosis:

Primary osteoporosis

This is the most common type and found to be more prevalent in women than men. At the age of around 30 years a person reaches ‘peak bone mass’ and after that the bone mass gradually starts decreasing along with the decrease in the bone building process.

After menopause in a woman, the rate of bone loss increases significantly as the production of estrogen slows down. In men, bone loss usually starts noticeably after the production of testosterone decreases, usually around 45-50 years of age.

Osteoporosis is usually seen in people who are 60 years and more of age. As women have a lower bone mass than men osteoporosis is common among women.

Secondary osteoporosis

Secondary osteoporosis can develop at any age. This type of osteoporosis is caused due to an underlying medical condition such as leukemia, hyperthyroidism or hyperparathyroidism. It can also be caused due to higher intake of medications that contain large amounts of corticosteroids, thyroid replacement drugs or aromatase inhibitors taken for breast cancer treatment.

Osteogenesis imperfect

This is a rare type of osteoporosis and is a congenital (birth) disorder. It causes increased bone weakening and results in sudden fractures.

Idiopathic juvenile osteoporosis

This is another rare form of osteoporosis and is found to occur in children between the ages of 8-14 years when the body experiences a growth spurt. The cause for this type of osteoporosis is still not known. It results in insufficient bone formation as well as excessive bone loss. It also increases the risk of fractures.

What are the causes for Osteoporosis?

The bones in the body are in a constant process of renewal in which the old bone is broken and it is replaced with new bones. In the younger age this bone renewal process in the fastest but it reaches its peak at the age of 30 years. After their early 20s the rate of bone loss is more than the rate of bone renewal.

The probability of developing osteoporosis is dependent on the amount of bone mass that you have developed when young. The more the bone mass is the less are the chances of developing osteoporosis in the older age.

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What are the risk factors that develop Osteoporosis?

There are various factors that can decide the onset of osteoporosis in a person, such as:

Sex – Women are more likely to develop osteoporosis as compared to men.

Age – Osteoporosis risks increase as you reach an older age.

Race – People belonging to the Caucasian and Asian race are at more risk of developing osteoporosis.

Heredity – If a person in your immediate family suffers from osteoporosis you have an increased risk of developing it too.

Body frame – Less bone mass in shorter heights in men and women means there is less bone deposit to utilize in the older age hence, these people are at more risk of developing osteoporosis.

Hormones – Lower amount of estrogen in women, especially after menopause, results in higher risk of osteoporosis. Estrogen level may also get lowered after some cancer treatments. Testosterone levels in men decrease with age as well as with certain treatments for prostate cancer which can result in development of osteoporosis.

Thyroid – Excessive thyroid hormone causes bone loss. This can result in case there is an overactive thyroid gland condition or if the person has taken an excessive amount of thyroid supplements to treat a thyroid-deficient condition.

Other glands – Overactive parathyroid and adrenal glands can result in development of osteoporosis.

Calcium deficiency – Lack of calcium in the body due to a calcium deficient diet results in decreased bone density, early bone loss with a risk of fractures and can contribute to the development of osteoporosis.

Anorexia – Eating disorders results in decreased amount of calories from protein and calcium deficiency. Anorexia can also cause loss of menstruation in women which leads to weakened bones. Anorexia in men tends to decrease the production of testosterone which contributes to the development of osteoporosis.

Gastrointestinal surgery – This type of surgery results in decrease in the size of the stomach and intestines which inhibits the absorption of nutrients and calcium in the body. This lack of sufficient nutrients and calcium in the body results in development of osteoporosis.

Corticosteroid medications – Long-term use of steroid supplements (cortisone and prednisone) inhibits the bone-building process. Apart from this osteoporosis has also been known to develop from medications used to treat seizures, gastric reflux and cancer and to prevent transplant rejection.

Lack of exercise – Exercises such as walking, running and weight lifting are beneficial to strengthening the bones and lack of physical activity is known to weaken the bones.

Alcohol – Excessive alcohol consumption is also known to increase the risks of osteoporosis in a person.

Why choose India for treatment of Osteoporosis?

India Medical Tourism is well known for providing the best medical care and surgical treatments at the most affordable cost as compared to other countries. Thousands of patients from abroad visit India each year to get treated for a large number of orthopedic conditions and disorders successfully.

Why to connect with Travcure Medical Tourism Consultants to get treatment for Osteoporosis in India?

Travcure Medical Tourism Consultants are popular worldwide for providing the most efficient treatment for a variety of orthopedic disorders and diseases in India. Travcure is well-connected to the large network of orthopedic specialty hospitals and clinics that are spread throughout the major cities in India. These orthopedic specialty hospitals and clinics have the most experienced orthopedic doctors and surgeons who have the most modern and latest surgical instruments at their disposal. Travcure ensures providing treatment with a global-standard of quality and at the lowest cost.

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