Urology

Primary urologic problems among women include stress urinary incontinence, urethral diverticuli, interstitial cystitis, etc. Common male Urology problems include benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), incontinence, urinary tract infections (UTIs), kidney & ureter stones. Specialty of Urology is in fact constantly changing due to improved technologies. TRAVCURE is associated with some of the best Urologists in India who will guide & counsel you on the best viable treatments depending on the nature of your issues & other factors. They will also let you know of the advantages & possible disadvantages of open surgery, laparoscopic & robotic surgery concerning your ailment. Bladder Cancer treatment in India is handled by renowned experts who have marked their contribution on global scale.

What is Urology

Urology or simply Urinary System Disorders is a branch of medicine focusing on surgical & medical problems of the male & female urinary tract. Urinary tract infections affect almost every age group in the male as well as the female thereby comprise a significant section of urological practice. A major spectrum of associated conditions, therefore are managed under Urology which include both surgical & non-surgical procedures. Organs coming under the domain of Urology include kidneys, ureters, urethra, urinary bladder & the entire urinary tract.

Sub-Disciplines of Urology

Since Urology involves care of several organs including physiological systems, it can be divided into 5 sub-disciplines mentioned below.

Endourology

Dealing with the closed manipulation of the urinary tract, Endourology has lately grown to include minimally invasive urologic surgical procedures. As most of the urinary tract is accessible via the urethra, Transurethral Surgery has become the cornerstone of Endourology.

Urologic Oncology

Primarily concerned with surgical treatment of malignant genitourinary diseases including cancers of prostate, testicles, penis, adrenal glands, kidneys, bladder & ureters, Urologic Oncology is managed by Urologists & Oncologists depending upon the type of treatment.

Pediatric Urology

This sub-discipline concerns with urologic disorders among children & adolescents below 15 years of age. Most common pediatric urology disorders include enuresis, congenital abnormalities of genitourinary tract, cryptorchidism (un-descended testicles), vesicoureteral reflux & underdeveloped genitalia which is often an endrocrinological problem causing delayed puberty & growth. TRAVCURE is associated with some of the best Pediatric Urology specialists in the country so as to offer you best solutions to all kinds of medical problems affecting children.

Reconstructive Urology

This is a highly specialized sub-field designed to restore structure & function of the genitourinary tract. Most often obstructions, disease, partial or full hysterectomies, prostate procedures, trauma, & occasionally childbirth make Reconstructive Urology a necessary procedure. Other examples of organs requiring Reconstructive Urology include ureters, urinary bladder & genitalia.

Female Urology

Female Urology generally deals with overactive bladder, urinary incontinence & prolapsed pelvic organs. Urologists dealing with this sub-discipline require thorough knowledge of female pelvic floor alongside intimate understanding of physiology & pathology so as to diagnose & treat disorders relating to female urology. Medical & surgical solutions largely depend upon the cause of individual problem.

Common Urology Conditions & Treatment

Some common urological conditions troubling people the world over include bladder cancer, bladder prolapse, overactive bladder, blood in urine (Hematuria), painful bladder syndrome due to Interstitial Cystitis & swelling of prostate gland (Prostatitis). Treatments for Urologic Oncology may include treatment for prostate cancer due to close proximity. Some other common medical solutions will include pediatric urology, reconstructive urology, bladder infection treatments, kidney stone medicine & UTI treatment including fecal & male incontinence.

Cost of Urology Treatments in India

India is a specialist destination for a variety of Urology treatments including Bladder Cancer treatment. Cost of urinary incontinence treatments are normally affordable & just a fraction of what you normally pay in the western developed countries. Minimally Invasive Robotic Urology Surgery is comparatively low cost & within reach of common man. Offering high-tech medical solutions to a large variety of healthcare problems, it is no wonder that India is one of the most favored global medical tourism destinations today.

TRAVCURE Medical Treatments for Urinary Disorders

Travcure provides affordable Urology services alongside treatment for kidney stones in the best Urology hospitals of India. Our 24X7 assistance alongside call & electronic mail services are one of the finest you can rely upon. We are associated with the best Urology surgeons who are top experts in the country. We ensure you receive transparent, high-quality, seamless, affordable & hassle-free extensive range of treatments & surgical solutions within our associated Urology centers located in Mumbai & Delhi..

Treatments for Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)

Urinary Tract Infections involve ureters, urethra, kidneys & bladder which are structures within the urinary tract aiding in the passage of urine.

  • Kidneys: These are a pair of small organs which lie on either side of spine around waist level. They perform several important functions of the body including excessive waste water removal from blood which is eliminated as urine. Kidneys are extremely sensitive to alterations in levels of blood pressure, blood sugar & electrolytes. Hypertension & diabetes are well known to cause damage to normal functioning of these organs.
  • Ureters: Ureters are about 10 inches long narrow tubes which drain urine from kidneys into the bladder.
  • Bladder: Bladder is a single small sac-like organ which stores urine prior to disposal. When contents of bladder reach a certain level, pressure mounts indicating necessity for urination. Muscles lining the bladder contract voluntarily while expelling urine. Bladder problems in women are quite common including female incontinence.
  • Urethra: This is a small tube connecting bladder to the external aperture. Urinary sphincter is a muscle located at the junction of urethra & bladder which must relax at the time when the bladder contracts while expelling urine.

Any portion of this urinary system can get infected. As per rule, seriousness of infection increases as it goes farther up the urinary tract. In U.S. alone, more than 7 million visits to medical facilities are conducted each year for Urinary infection treatments.

Nephrectomy for Kidney Cancer

Nephrectomy is the name of surgical procedure employed to remove all or parts of kidney. Nephrectomy is generally performed as treatment for kidney cancer or for removal of seriously diseased or damaged kidney. In donor Nephrectomy procedures the surgeon removes a healthy functioning kidney (donor) to replace a damaged or diseased kidney of a patient (recipient) in need.

  • Complete Nephrectomy: This is a complete (radical) procedure where the surgeon is set to remove the entire kidney.
  • Partial Nephrectomy: When the surgeon removes only the diseased tissue parts & leaves behind healthy tissue, it is known as Partial Nephrectomy.

Nephrectomy procedure can either be performed through a single large incision (Open Nephrectomy) in abdomen, or in a series of small incisions (Laparoscopic Nephrectomy) also within abdomen. In short, Nephrectomy Surgery is done either to remove diseased kidneys or to harvest healthy kidney meant for transplant.

Urinary Incontinence Treatment

Urinary Incontinence is loss of bladder control in short & is often a common embarrassing problem. Severity of this condition ranges from occasional urine leakage while coughing & sneezing to a sudden & strong urge to urinate with let-out before reaching the toilet. Since it pertains to daily regular activity, immediate attention & subsequent treatment is advised. However, most cases of Urinary Incontinence can be effectively cured by medical treatment & lifestyle changes. Many people experience minor, occasional leaks while cannot hold & wet their clothes.

Some Common Types of Urinary Incontinence

  • Stress Incontinence: Urine is found to leak every time you exert pressure on bladder like while sneezing, coughing, laughing, exercising or lifting heavy objects.
  • Overflow Incontinence: This could be a frequent & constant dribbling of urine which is due to bladder being unable to completely empty.
  • Urge Incontinence: When there is sudden & intense urge to urinate followed by involuntary urine loss. There may be a need to urinate often which may last all through the night. Causes for Urge Incontinence may be a minor condition like infection, or other severe conditions like diabetes or neurologic disorder.
  • Functional Incontinence: This happens when a mental or physical impairment holds you from making it to the toilet in right time. Like when a patient is suffering from severe arthritis, he may not be able unbutton his pants in time.
  • Mixed Incontinence: Above symptoms may overlap to make you experience a mixed, more than one type of Urinary Incontinence problem.

Urinary Incontinence is basically a symptom & not a disease. Mostly caused by underlying medical conditions or physical problems including everyday habits, however, a thorough investigation by Urologist will help determine the reasons behind Urinary Incontinence. Moreover, certain foods, drinks & medications are found to act as diuretics which stimulate the bladder & increase urine volume.

GreenLight Laser for Photoselective Vapourization of the Prostate

GreenLight Laser PVP is generally used in the treatment of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) or non-cancerous enlargement of prostate gland most often resulting in urethral restriction. This procedure involves technology of high-powered laser light in combination with fiber-optics so as to quickly & accurately vaporize abnormal growth of prostate cells. Increasingly being used as an alternative to transurethral resection of the prostate or TURP, promising results obtained through GreenLight Laser PVP approve that is equally effective without any doubt. After five years successful applications, this procedure has shown to maintain lasting levels of improvement in comfort & urinary flow among patients having undergone treatment.

Holmium Laser Prostate Surgery

Holmium laser Enucleation of the Prostate or HoLEP is a treatment for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) or enlarged prostate. HoLEP uses a laser to precisely remove obstructive portions of prostate without any need for incisions. Morcellator is a separate instrument which is used to cut obstructive tissue into conveniently removable fragments. Entire portion of prostate gland blocking urine flow is thereby removed with HoLEP. Alongside improving urinary symptoms, HoLEP provides a lasting solution following this procedure. This has proved to be a less invasive alternative to traditional methods of removing prostate obstructions. HoLEP additionally preserves removed tissue for microscopic pathological examination including presence of prostate cancer.

Trans-Urethral Resection of the Prostate (TURP)

Trans-Urethral Resection of the Prostate or TURP generally takes only about 60 – 90 minutes of time. Performed under spinal or general anesthetic along with a dose of antibiotics so as to prevent infection, TURP is an excellent procedure for BPH. A combination of visual & surgical instruments called resectoscope are inserted through penis tip & extended into urethra & prostate area. Thereby no incisions are made on the outer surface of the body. Surgeon will now use resectoscope to trim obstructive tissue inside the prostate gland, one piece at a time. These small cut pieces of tissue are carried into bladder with help of the irrigating fluid & normally removed at the end of the procedure. Moreover after surgery, these cut pieces of tissue are sent to lab for examination of any presence of cancer.

Hematuria – Blood in Urine

An abnormal presence of blood in urine is termed Hematuria. Kidney stones, trauma, tumors & infections are the primary causes of blood in urine. Though a small quantity of blood can turn urine red, some types of Hematuria require immediate attention, especially if clots are found to be present in urinary tract. Non life-threatening Hematuria caused by infections can be appropriately treated through antibiotics. Quite often a tumor or kidney stone is the culprit, but a thorough evaluation should be administered for diagnosis. Proper treatment of this condition largely depends on cause & may even include cystoscopy or an intravenous pyelogram.

Enlarged Prostate (BPH) Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

Prostate gland is often found to become enlarged mostly causing frequent or painful urination. BPH is very common non-cancerous urologic condition affecting almost 50% of men above 50 years of age. Pain or burning with urination, are important symptoms which call for suspecting BPH among older men. Proper evaluation through a qualified urologist will include physical exam along with urinalysis test & checking medical history. Cystoscopy will permit the urologist take a direct look inside & provide you appropriate prescription for treatment.

Bladder Cancer

Currently, Bladder Cancer is the sixth most common cancer in US. Although medical advances have substantially improved survival rates, incidences of bladder cancer have steadily been on the rise. Identified causes of bladder cancer include cigarette smoke & a variety of industrial chemicals. Symptoms generally include painless blood in urine (Hematuria), which invariably are found to occur in all cases of bladder cancer. Other symptoms include painful & frequent urination. Physical examination, medical history, urinalysis test & cystoscopy will help the Urologist diagnose the problem. Treatment options normally include chemotherapy & removal of tumors.

 

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