The other names of liposuction are lipoplasty, suction lipectomy or lipo and this is a popular type of aesthetic or cosmetic surgery which helps breaks up the deposited fat in various parts of the body and then sucks it out.
The most common parts of the body on which the liposuction procedure is performed are – chin, neck, arms, calves, abdomen, thighs and back.
A hollow instrument called cannula is inserted under the skin and the fat is removed with its help. The suction action is provided by a high pressure vacuum which is applied to the cannula.
Liposuction permanently removes all the fat deposits from the body and can alter the shape of the body. However, it is necessary to lead a healthy lifestyle after the operation i.e. to eat healthy food and exercise regularly otherwise the remaining fat cells can grow larger. Also there is a limit to the amount of fat that can be safely removed from the body.
Types of Liposuction Procedures
There are many different types of liposuction procedures:
- Tumescent technique – In this method local anesthesias is provided to large volumes of subcutaneous fats before the procedure
- Dry technique – This technique has got its name due to the fact that no local anaesthesia is injected into the fat before liposuction
- Wet technique – In this technique approximately 1000 ml of local anaesthesia with epinephrine are injected
- Super wet technique – Less than half the volume of local anaesthesia used for tumescent technique – which is highly diluted - is used in this method.
- Ultrasonic – this technique is also known as Ultrasonic assisted Liposuction (UAL) and uses a metal paddle to deliver ultrasonic waves and heat into the fat lying below the skin.
- Vaser liposuction – This technique is also known as Liposelection and is completely different from traditional liposuction.
- Laser liposuction – In this technique a lot of tumescent fluid is used and a microcannula is inserted through a small incision which delivers laser heat and energy to the subcutaneous fat.
Who is a Good Candidate for Liposuction?
The ideal candidates for liposuction are people who have a stable body weight, but would prefer to remove undesirable fat from particular parts of the body. Hence one can say that liposuction is not really a remedy for obesity and is not an overall weight loss method.
What do I Need to Know before Undergoing Liposuction?
Before you opt for liposuction you need to understand that this is a partially invasive procedure and involves all the risks of such a procedure. Another thing that you need to understand is that this is not a weight loss procedure because it aims at reducing inches and not pounds.
Although liposuction removes the fat permanently from the body, you need to maintain a healthy diet and include exercise in your regime in order to maintain the results that you have gained. Also keep in mind that there are some risks involved with liposuction and you need to understand these risks and weigh them against the possible positive outcomes of the procedure.
Risks Associated with Liposuction
There are many risks associated with the procedure of liposuction. Some of the most ones include:
- Infections –Just like any other surgery, infections can occur after liposuction. This is the reason that some doctors prescribe anti biotics to all patients who have undergone liposuction.
- Embolism – when fat is loosened and enters the blood through the blood vessels which have ruptured during liposuction, embolism can occur. Pieces of fat become trapped in the blood vessels, come together in lungs and can also travel to the brain.
- Visceral perforations – It is not possible to see the cannula or probe during the procedure of liposuction which is why it can damage internal organs. For instance intestines may get punctured during liposuction of the abdomen. In such cases major surgery may be required and these visceral perforations can also be fatal.
- Seroma – serum, which is a straw coloured liquid from the blood, may start pooling in areas where the tissue has been removed after liposuction
- Nerve compression – A person undergoing liposuction may experience parethesias which is an alteration in the sensation at the site of the procedure. The sensitivity of that area may increase causing pain or loss of feeling may occur. If these changes persist for a long time you should see a doctor.
- Toxicity from anaesthesia – A drug that numbs the skin called lidocaine is often used as a general aesthetic during the procedure. An overdose of this drug may be injected causing restlessness, light headedness, tinnitus, drowsiness, slurred speech, numbness of lips and tongue, metallic taste in the mouth, shivering, convulsions and muscle twitching. Lidocaine toxicity can cause the heart to stop and hence can be fatal.
Liposuction Treatment Overview
Liposuction is a treatment that helps remove excess of fat from the body with the help of suction. Tiny cuts or incisions are made on the stomach area through which small thin tubes known as cannula are inserted into the body and fat is suctioned out.
This is done under general anaesthesia to ensure highest level of comfort during the surgery. The treatment does not require an overnight stay but does require high level of nursing and good medical treatment.
Before the Procedure
Before undergoing the procedure there are few things to consider and ensure so that the surgery turns out to be more rewarding in terms of success rate. Some of the considerations are listed below:
- Have a primary physician check your entire history and conduct a physical examination in the two weeks before the surgery.
- Stop the intake of all non prescription drugs two weeks before surgery which includes all medicines, herbs, preparations, homeopathic treatments and vitamins not prescribed by a doctor. This includes aspirin and ibuprofen as well as illegal drugs.
- Stop smoking and the use of tobacco in any form for two weeks before and another two weeks once the surgery is over.
- One week before surgery completely stop taking alcohol and continue to do this for two days after surgery.
- Stop intake of food or drink including, water, coffee or tea after midnight or twelve hours before your surgery.
- Do not schedule any other surgery including varicose veins treatment six weeks before or after the surgery.
- You should have an adult person to take you home and stay with you for 24 hours after the surgery.
- The night before the surgery take off your entire make up and jewellery. Take a thorough shower to remove all traces of make-up and then that do not apply deodorants, moisturiser, makeup or antiperspirants.
- On the morning of the surgery take a shower washing your face, hair and body with soap and do not wear contact lenses. If you are taking any prescription medicines then ask your cosmetic surgeon about taking these medicines the morning before your surgery.
Low Cost Liposuction Treatment in India
Many people from foreign countries come to India to get liposuction treatment done because the cost of this treatment is much lower here than in most advanced countries. Also contributing is the fact that in most advanced countries any treatments for aesthetic purposes are usually not covered by insurance. Not just liposuction, India is a hub for many medical tourists who prefer to get low cost treatment in India because they get first rate treatment at an affordable cost. In addition,
Travcure medical tourism provides an affordable solution to liposuction treatment taking care of the entire travel to India. This includes arranging for travel, comfortable accommodation with extra hygiene and care and after that extra safety and precaution throughout the treatment.
To deliver our commitment of outstanding results we have nurtured healthy connections with leading hospitals and expert weight loss surgeons in India.
What to Expect After Treatment?
If only local anesthesia was used during your liposuction procedure then you can resume to your regular diet immediately. However, make sure to keep yourself well hydrated by drinking adequate amounts of water, fluids and juices.
Do not drink alcohol for 48 hours after surgery. For the first few hours immediately after the surgery, be in a quiet resting state and stay away from driving and operating hazardous machinery for 18 hours. Do not make any important personal decisions for 24 hours after surgery.
You can expect soreness and inflammation and for this you may take anti inflammatory medicine and pain killers prescribed by a doctor. You can resume vigorous physical activity 4 days after the surgery, but be sure to do it gradually. Also bear in mind that you need to follow a healthy lifestyle in order to maintain the results of liposuction.